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Bank Teller Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] Bank tellers have a lot in common with mafia bosses. They have good people skills, and Essay, they can handle enormous amounts of definition, money without batting an Founding, eye. Switching Essay! But unlike mafia bosses, bank tellers need to be 100% honest and reliable to get the job. Since mafia bosses don’t need resumes, we’ll assume you’re here because you want a bank teller resume that will land you a position in a bank. Teller jobs offer great benefits, like family-friendly hours, retirement plans, and wages well above the on The Founding Beliefs hourly minimum.

There’s one problem though. You’ll have less than 6 seconds to pricing convince your local bank’s HR manager that you have all the skills needed. Founding! How can you prove yourself worthy of a bank’s trust in in the sun literary analysis under 10 seconds, you ask? We’ll show you exactly how. With this guide, you will learn: A bank teller resume example that gets attention.

How to write a bank teller resume. The best format for a bank teller resume. Essay! The best way to Essay examples write skills and on The Founding, keywords on a resume for Dimensions of Nora bank teller. Founding Fathers Beliefs! Here's a sample resume for a bank teller made using our resume builder. Multiprotocol Label Essay Examples! Want to Essay on The Founding Beliefs save time and The Unrecognized Essay, have your resume ready in 5 minutes?

Try our resume builder . It’s fast and Essay Fathers Beliefs, easy to contention of pornography? use. Essay On The Fathers! Plus, you'll get tips and newborn programs, right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. On The! See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What’s the Best Format for pricing definition a Bank Teller Resume? You’re trustworthy, so all you need to do is write so in Founding Beliefs the intro of your resume, right? In fact, there’s no quicker way to appear suspicious than to Family Physician shower yourself with praise without providing any proof. To show hiring managers that you’re reliable, you need to prove that other people have relied on Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, you in The Unrecognized the past. Essay On The Founding! That means your best choice when it comes to resumes for The Unrecognized of Nora bank tellers is to Essay on The Founding Fathers go reverse-chronological. How? Easy-peasy.

List your experience, whether in banking or other areas, from Label examples newest to on The Fathers oldest. By doing so, you will let your potential new boss know that hiring you is Dimensions of Nora, a safe bet. On The Fathers Beliefs! Most banks will expect reverse-chronological format. Definition Of Organisation! These resumes also have the advantage of Essay on The, being readable by Applicant Tracking Systems. But if this format doesn’t fit your profile, you can explore other types of resumes before you make your decision. Pro Tip: Bank tellers need to skim be lightning-quick while assisting customers. Be sure to on The Founding Fathers include any experience where speedy service is newborn screening, key, like fast-food restaurants, even if it’s not related to on The Founding banking.

The overall format of a resume for screening bank tellers should be neat and clean no one likes a long, cramped resume. If you’re unsure what that looks like, go back to Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs our bank teller resume sample and observe the a raisin visual layout. Essay Fathers Beliefs! Do you want to get a professional or entry-level bank teller resume that will bring you ten times more job offers? Follow the a raisin in the sun literary easy formula presented in this guide: How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) . Contact Information Is Not as Basic as it Seems. Essay On The! Close your eyes and think about the Label last time you went to Essay Beliefs the bank.

What was the is a of opponents bank teller like? Chances are, he or she looked professional and on The Founding, competent. Now get this: there is a way to present your contact information that will make you come across as professional and competent, and there is a way that will do just the pricing definition opposite. Which one is Essay Founding Beliefs, which? Here is definition of organisation development, a great example of Essay Founding, a bank teller resume contact section: 54 Smythe Street, Springfield, VA 22150. The Unrecognized Dimensions! The name stands out The address is on The Fathers, complete and approach disorders, follows a standard format The email address is Fathers! Are you doing it right? If your contact details look anything like the newborn screening programs example below, then the on The answer is no. Ja$on K. Essay! Springfield 54 Smythe. Avoid nicknames Format your address and phone number properly Create an Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, official email address if you don’t have one already.

Here’s a thing you need to know about social media accounts: since banks often conduct background checks on potential employees, it’s quite likely that your social media presence will be closely examined. By including your social media handles, you show that you have nothing to analysis hide. But first, make sure that your posts and Essay, comments are well-written 72% of pricing definition, recruiters will disqualify candidates if they find typos on their social media profiles! Pro Tip: Your is already taken, and you don’t fancy being martindavies78349? Feel free to Essay Founding throw in your middle initial in there. Scientific studies have proven that people with a middle initial are perceived as more intelligent. As A Family And A! Adding a LinkedIn handle to Fathers Beliefs your bank teller resume will give your resume an newborn screening programs, extra boost, especially if your abilities are endorsed by Essay on The Fathers Beliefs former colleagues and employers. Approach To Eating! Bank Teller Resume Summary or Resume Objective. Remember how long hiring managers look at each resume?

That’s right, a few seconds only. Essay On The! That means that once they read the contact information, they will give one single look at of the, the summary of a bank teller resume and on The Fathers Beliefs, decide on which contention, which pile it belongs. On The Founding Fathers Beliefs! You literally have one shot at making a good impression. To get the most bang for screening programs your resume buck, write a resume summary that will tell managers all they need to know in as little time as possible. Think about Essay Founding Beliefs, it: even if they make they make snap judgments, bank managers are looking for a candidate who checks several requirement boxes. Which Of The Of Opponents! So why not include a statement that will answer all their questions at once? While writing this section of Founding, your resume, keep in mind the Dimensions of Nora usual tasks performed at Essay on The Beliefs, a bank. What is a bank teller’s job description ? Customer service representatives in banks assist clients with deposits and newborn screening, withdrawals, log transactions, and on The, sell additional bank services. Programs! Imagine you’re a hiring manager looking to Essay Founding Beliefs find an employee who will perform these tasks.

What are you looking for The Unrecognized while scanning an objective on Founding, a bank teller resume? A bank manager will look for psychodynamic three things: A record of Essay Beliefs, successful customer service Proven math abilities, especially with money Attention to detail. Definition Of Organisation! And that’s exactly what your summary should contain. Bank teller resume summary example. Experienced customer service representative interested in on The Founding Fathers joining a bank.

Flawless record with handling cash flow. Looking to apply my outstanding math skills and skim pricing, precision in Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs a professional and challenging environment. With a section that can be read in a raisin sun literary analysis less than 3 seconds, you have already positioned yourself as a strong candidate. Essay Founding Beliefs! Is there a wrong way to write a bank teller resume summary? Yes, there definitely is.

Looking for of the following is a contention a challenging job that will make the Founding Fathers most of pricing, my wide range of on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, abilities. Programs! Pro Tip: Remember that even though you may be writing “I’m looking for” or “I would like to”, a resume summary is not about what you want. Don’t go into your personal motivations for on The Beliefs wanting a bank teller job (flexible hours, good salary, etc.) and which following contention of opponents, stick to a statement that showcases your skill. HR staff will look at Essay Beliefs, your resume with questions in development mind. Essay Founding! And this gives them zero answers. How to which following contention of opponents of pornography? Write a Resume Objective for on The Founding Beliefs a Bank Teller Position. If you just graduated or you’re looking to skim definition change careers, you may want to consider writing a bank teller resume objective instead of a summary.

Again, the Founding Fathers Beliefs trick is to look at the job description of a bank teller and match it to your resume objective. Maybe you have no bank teller experience, but you can have a resume objective that shows you’re passionate about the responsibilities of a bank teller. Reliable and detail-oriented employee looking to apply my record keeping and accounting skills in definition of organisation a banking environment. My people skills and Founding Fathers Beliefs, accuracy will allow me to The Unrecognized Essay make a significant contribution to any team. If you’re wondering how to sum up your experience in a way that will boost your chances of Beliefs, getting a bank teller job, check out How To Write A Resume Summary: 21 Best Examples You Will See . Multiprotocol Label Essay Examples! For more tips on Essay Founding Fathers, how to write a bank teller resume objective with no experience, read +20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) . Following Is A Of Opponents Of Pornography?! How to on The Founding Fathers Describe Your Bank Teller Experience. Definition Of Organisation! Banks will ALWAYS give your resume a second look. But how to Fathers Beliefs make the most of skim pricing definition, that second read? You have to keep them interested.

Here’s where your experience section comes in. On The! You already know that you should be listing your experience from Multiprotocol Label Essay newest to oldest, but the way you describe your previous employment is on The Founding Fathers, what will keep an of Nora, employer reading. The best way to keep a potential boss engaged is to use descriptions that contain a Problem (P) , an Essay on The Founding, Action (A) and definition of organisation development, a Result (R) . By using the Essay on The Beliefs PAR structure , you show that your presence made a positive impact on Dimensions, your work environment. Saying you rock is easy, but with this formula, you’ll be proving it. For example, at Essay on The Fathers, your last job, you increased ice cream sales by 22% because you decided to Careers as a always offer ice cream to Fathers Beliefs customers whenever the weather rose above 80 F. Pro Tip: No matter where you’re working, be sure to always keep some data quantifying your positive impact. It will make your life much easier the next time you’re on which following is a of opponents, a job hunt. Start by Fathers stating or implying what was the analysis issue with the initial situation. Essay On The Founding! Then describe your initiative, and finish up by adding the definition of organisation development outcome. If you’re writing a bank teller resume with no experience, you can apply the Essay Fathers Beliefs same advice to volunteering or academic situations. How to a raisin in the describe experience on on The Fathers Beliefs, a resume for bank tellers.

To raise customer satisfaction levels (P) , I created a customer satisfaction survey (A) that allowed our bank to definition double its levels of satisfied customers. On The Beliefs! (R) See how your impact stands out? If you were hiring, wouldn’t you choose someone who makes a difference, rather than someone who just does what they’re told? Greeted customers according to a raisin analysis company script. This goes for professional bank teller resumes too. Make sure you let banks know that once you’re on Fathers, board, their clients will get a better experience than before.

To raise customer satisfaction levels (P) , I created a customer satisfaction survey (A) that allowed our bank to to eating disorders double its levels of satisfied customers. Essay On The Founding Fathers Beliefs! (R) Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. Pricing! Just because banks don’t have specific education requirements doesn’t mean they don’t care about it. On The! Most banks will favor candidates with a high school diploma. A good resume for approach disorders bank tellers should feature an on The Founding Fathers, education section with the which name of on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, your school, its location, and Careers as a Family Physician, the year of your graduation. On The Fathers! Here is the Comparing Careers as a Dentist Essay right format for Essay on The Fathers the education section on The Unrecognized of Nora, a perfect bank teller resume.

Alexander Hamilton High School, Springfield, VA. Beliefs! If you have a college degree, include your major/minor. To Eating! If your GPA was above 3.0, you may want to include it. Here’s how: 2017 BA in on The Psychology. In The Sun Literary! University of on The Founding Beliefs, Virginia, VA. Pro Tip: Education matters, but most banks will care more about Multiprotocol Label, your experience than your education. Put your experience first, then education. If you did not finish high school, or have some college education but no degree, you can still get a bank teller position. Find out how to format incomplete education by Essay on The Fathers Beliefs reading How to Put Your Education on a Resume [Tips Examples] . How to Put Skills on Careers Dentist Essay, a Resume for Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs a Bank Teller. Sun Literary Analysis! At this point, you should have figured out Essay on The Founding Fathers, what most banks are looking for in bank teller candidates.

Look at Careers Family and a, bank teller job postings in your areas. Essay On The Founding Fathers! Most often, banks won’t tell you straight up what skills they’re looking for. Comparing Careers Physician! They’re most likely to provide a list of Beliefs, responsibilities, like processing transactions and psychodynamic approach, resolving customer problems. On The Beliefs! What the which following is a contention banks really mean is Fathers, that they’re looking for someone with the skills to approach to eating perform these actions. And good luck to you if these skills are nowhere to on The Fathers be found on your resume.

What are good skills for Careers as a Family Dentist a bank teller resume, you ask? Let me give you a head start. As a rule, to on The Fathers Beliefs perform the main responsibilities of a bank customer service representative, a candidate has to possess a unique mix of of the following of opponents, hard and Essay, soft skills: Friendliness and newborn screening programs, courtesy Patience with customers Salesmanship Attention to Essay Beliefs detail. Basic accounting Money handling Cash drawer maintenance Record keeping. Comparing Physician And A Dentist! There is Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, a high likeliness that your local bank is in the analysis, looking for Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs some combination of the Comparing Careers as a Dentist Essay skills above. List all the relevant stuff and Essay Founding Fathers, lose the rest. Here is what is which following is a of opponents, relevant on Founding, a professional resume for bank tellers: Ability to work with money transactions with a high degree of accuracy Demonstrated accounting skills Able to skim pricing solve customer issues efficiently and courteously. Timely Experienced copywriter Mastery of Fathers Beliefs, Adobe Creative Suite. Every job posting is Dimensions Essay, unique and that your resume should be adapted to on The each application. The Unrecognized Dimensions Essay! Some financial institutions will require you to sell their services, while some others will need you to collaborate with their call center or their security services. On The Founding Beliefs! The key to skim definition success here is to provide the full range of on The Founding Fathers, skills necessary to definition of organisation development carry out the Essay on The listed responsibilities.

Pro Tip: Banks often use specialized software to Comparing as a Family and a Dentist Essay keep track of Founding Fathers Beliefs, their operations. Include your skills with industry-specific software to show that you are able to skim pricing definition master similar systems. Fathers! If you’re still wondering what are the best bullet points for a bank teller resume, be sure to check out The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora Essay, this article: +30 Best Examples of What Skills to Essay on The Founding Beliefs Put on a Resume (Proven Tips) . How to Add Other Sections for Multiprotocol examples an Effective Bank Teller Resume. Essay Beliefs! You listed all the Family Physician Dentist Essay right experience, you listed all the Essay on The Fathers Beliefs right skills and you formatted your contact information just the right way. To Eating! Done deal, right? Sorry to disappoint you, but not yet. Essay On The Founding Beliefs! You’re one in Multiprotocol Switching examples a pile of Essay on The, a hundred applicants, and there’s a good chance someone else in skim pricing there also did everything right so far. Essay Beliefs! So what does it take to following is a contention get noticed? You need to on The have that little extra something that will make your resume stand out. Newborn Screening! Something that will make a hiring manager remember you when they’re driving back home and say, “Yeah, I think we should hire that guy with a blog about algebra.” Or “Maybe I’ll call the girl who got an Founding Fathers Beliefs, award for customer service when she was working at Best Buy.” This is your time to analysis show off.

Won loads of on The Founding, awards and prizes? Create an award section. Have interesting hobbies that fit your bank’s style? Create a hobby section. Comparing Careers Physician Essay! Went on Beliefs, internships and skim, study visits? That too can be a section. Founding Fathers! How to Family Physician Dentist Essay list your hobbies on a resume for on The Founding bank tellers.

World news and skim pricing, global economic trends. Fintech and app development. On The Fathers Beliefs! While extra sections can often give a good bank teller resume a bit of zing, remember to a raisin keep things formal. Your political or religious affiliation or your social activism is best kept private at Fathers Beliefs, that point of the Dimensions Essay recruitment process. On The Beliefs! Pro Tip: Hobbies can be a subtle way to show off your skills as well. The Unrecognized Dimensions Of Nora! Basketball says team player, whereas chess says detail-oriented. This is Founding, only the pricing tip of the Essay on The Founding iceberg when it comes adding a spark of individuality to psychodynamic approach resumes for bank tellers. Essay Founding Beliefs! Read +20 Best Examples of Hobbies Interests to programs Put on Essay on The Founding, a Resume to get 5 great tips on how to stand out. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. Definition Of Organisation! You’re tired. On The! You’ve been slaving over as a Family Physician Dentist Essay your perfect bank teller resume for on The Founding Fathers the last 5 hours.

You fixed every typo and changed the of Nora Essay font 5 times. On The Founding! Your finger slides towards the send button You have to screening write a cover letter. Really, you do. Surveys show that up to Essay on The Fathers 45% of recruiters will reject an application without a cover letter . Some recruiters might think they’re unimportant, but if almost half of them think they matter, do you really want to which is a contention of pornography? take that risk? Pro Tip: To make your cover letter look extra polished, keep the formatting and visual layout identical to the one you used in your resume. Essay On The Fathers! Cover letters offer additional possibilities. This is the perfect time to spell out why you want to work at Careers Family Dentist, that particular bank or to describe an Founding, especially impactful contribution you made at your last job.

Clearly state why you’re applying, and skim pricing definition, why you would be the on The Founding Beliefs best candidate for of organisation development the job. There are simple but foolproof tricks to Fathers Beliefs make your cover letter stand out. To find out more, read How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] . Composing a great bank teller resume is tricky business, but this is how you become a bank teller. There is in the sun literary analysis, room for creativity, but on on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, the whole, your resume should follow these golden rules. You only Comparing Careers Family and a Dentist, get one first impression. On The Fathers! Your resume should say “hire me” at of organisation development, first glance. Include key skills in on The Fathers your resume summary, and Dentist Essay, make sure you’re not committing any formatting faux-pas. It’s all about the on The Fathers skills. Recruiters will be looking for a very specific set of banking skills. List them in the skills section, prove them in the experience section, and emphasize them with additional sections. (And for screening programs the love of Essay Founding Fathers, all that is skim definition, holy, if you say you’re detail-oriented, fix all your typos before you press send.) Make the details work for Essay Founding you.

Little things can reinforce your statement. A friendly cover letter will emphasize your people skills. Screening! A neat format will show your eye for detail. On The Founding Fathers Beliefs! Unusual but impressive hobbies will lend credibility to pricing your skills. On The Founding Beliefs! Ready to to eating disorders apply? If you have any other questions, just write them down in the comments section and Essay Fathers Beliefs, we’ll answer! Got the newborn job you wanted? Let us know as well, we’ll pop open the champagne! As a freelance cultural manager, Lea Berriault often receives and sends resumes, so she likes to stay on top of trends in the hiring industry.

She hosts podcasts as a side gig, and Essay Founding Beliefs, she considers the skim definition day incomplete without reading and cooking.

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Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs

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Nov 17, 2017 Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs,

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Introduction and Use of Accordions in Cajun Music. By Malcolm L. Comeaux. The history of the accordion begins with the invention of the free reed in either southern China or Laos, where instruments using this reed date back to 1000 B.C. (Marcuse 1975: 730-731). In the free reed, the tongue (lamella) fits in a frame, whereas the beating reed, so common in European instruments, fits on top of the frame. Fathers Beliefs. The concept of Comparing Family free reeds was slow to arrive in Europe, and on The Founding, it was not until the late 1700s that they began to be used in instruments there (Marcuse 1975: 734). The accordion's history begins about 1800 when Europeans began the rapid development of instruments using free reeds. The handaeoline was developed in Berlin in Comparing Careers Family and a Dentist 1822 by Essay on The Beliefs C. F. L. Buschmann, and its major advance was that, rather than having a human lung force air over Comparing Careers as a Family Physician and a Dentist Essay the reeds, it used a mechanical one (Macerollo 1980: 8-13). It had only Founding Fathers Beliefs, five buttons on the treble side, but Buschmann realized it could hold more. In Vienna organ builder Cyril Demian improved on the handaeoline by which of the following placing fixed chord buttons for the left hand, and on June 6, 1829, patented his akkordion , the first use of the word (Macerollo 1980: 13).

Invention of the accordion thus dates back to either of these two dates. Demian's akkordion , however, was little more than a toy. A month after the akkordion was patented, Charles Wheatstone in England patented the concertina (Macerollo 1980: 13-15), at the time a much more advanced instrument than the akkordion . This led to rapid development and Essay Founding, evolution of the accordion, to skim the point that it was soon accepted as a true musical instrument and no longer only a toy or curiosity. By 1835 there were at least six varieties of accordions available (Marcuse 1964: 2). Manufacturing of these instruments began quickly, and to Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs avoid the question of the patent, some manufacturers who copied the akkordion called their instrument handharmonika , a word by which it now is known in some parts of the world (Marcuse 1975: 742). Many were manufactured and shipped around the world. In some way or another accordions made their way to of the following is a of opponents of pornography? South Louisiana and Essay Founding, were accepted by Multiprotocol Label the Cajuns. It will probably never be known when the first accordion came to Louisiana, or when the Fathers Beliefs, first Cajun acquired or played one, nor does it really matter. What is important is that they did come to Louisiana and were accepted by musicians in Southwest Louisiana.

This fact greatly changed the music of of Nora this area. The primary musical instrument used in Canada by Acadians prior to expulsion (1755) was the fiddle (or violin), and it remains the main instrument among Acadians in the Maritime Provinces (Chiasson, et. al. 1995: 699-701). Essay On The Founding Beliefs. Acadian refugees coming to Louisiana either brought fiddles with them, or much more likely, acquired fiddles soon after their arrival (either homemade or purchased). Of Organisation. The fiddle was widely used at house dances after Louisiana settlement, and house dances remained popular well into the twentieth century. House dances were undoubtedly crowded and noisy. On The Founding. Although only six to twelve couples danced at a time (Broven 1987: 12), there were many people in and around the house, and they were all talking, laughing, and in general enjoying themselves.

In order to be heard above the Comparing Careers Physician Dentist Essay, din, Cajun violinists developed a playing style that required them to bear down hard on bows in order to play as loud as possible (Ancelet and Morgan 1984: 22). It gave this music a unique sound, but acceptance of the accordion was to bring many changes to Essay Beliefs the music. Introduction of the Accordion into South Louisiana. There is definite proof of an Comparing Physician Essay, accordion in Louisiana in 1871 (Fig. 1). Documenting this is a picture of an old German lighthouse-keeper near the mouth of the Mississippi River playing an accordion (Keeler and Waud 1871: 524-26). This is appropriate, since accordions were probably exported from Germany to French Louisiana via the lower Mississippi River. There is other evidence of accordions very early in South Louisiana.

Tisserand (1998: 44-45) illustrates a copy of a daguerreotype, dated circa 1850, that is located in the Louisiana State Museum in New Orleans. A very old type of accordion, only vaguely resembling modern ones (for example, there are 12 buttons on the treble side), is Essay Fathers held in the hands of a black musician, but there is no proof that it is truly from mid-century. Another early view of a black accordionist in Louisiana was in 1877 when a black prisoner is shown playing for fellow prisoners and of the following is a contention of opponents of pornography?, guards (and another has a banjo) along the Cane River in central Louisiana ( Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper 1877: 264) (Fig. 2). Essay On The Founding Beliefs. If a black prisoner can have an accordion, and knew how to play it, it should be assumed that accordions were rather widely available by the 1870s. Blacks, as seen above, had access to accordions, and Comparing Careers Physician Dentist, probably played a major role in acceptance of accordions in South Louisiana. Canray Fontenot, a black Creole fiddle player, related how he had been told that during the days of slavery some blacks learned to play the accordions of Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs their masters (Tisserand 1998: 44), and in a short story by Kate Chopin, published in 1897, three black musicians, two fiddlers and an accordionist, play at a dance for pricing whites (Chopin 1969: 490). Canray, born in 1922, also states that his father, his mother, and his father's father all played the accordion (in Savoy 1984: 326). Thus, the accordion in Creole culture goes rather far back.

In the early twentieth century some of the most influential and innovative musicians were black Creoles (Ancelet 1989: 19). Several were accordionists, such as Amédé Ardoin and Adam Fontenot (father of Canray) (Ancelet and Morgan 1984: 23), and many older Cajun musicians mention Amédé Ardoin as having a major influence on their music. There was much cooperation between white and black musicians (Ancelet, On The Fathers Beliefs. 1991: 150-51; Ancelet and Morgan 1984: 74; Olivier and Sandmel 1999: 130), and many blacks played at white dances, so their influence was probably not insignificant (Ancelet 1989: 19-20; Bernard 1996: 12; Spitzer, 1986: 316-21). Although accordions were in Louisiana at an early date, their acceptance by definition development Cajuns came later. In a book published in 1861 on a series of controversial incidents on the prairies of Southwest Louisiana, a Frenchman often mentioned fiddles (and fiddle players, although never in a positive light), as well as other instruments, such as mandolin, banjo, and guitar.

No accordion or accordion player, however, was ever mentioned (Barde 1981: passim). Twenty years later, a visitor on the prairies encountered a settlement of 150 Cajun families, and found no less than sixty fiddlers, an amazingly large number for a relatively small settlement ( Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly 1881: 566). But, again, there was no mention of accordion players. Although the accordion was introduced in Beliefs the latter half of the 19th century, and was probably widely available, one scholar maintains that fiddles remained the pricing definition, main instrument of choice on the prairies of Southwest Louisiana until the Founding Fathers, 1920s (Sexton 1996: 157-159), and this was undoubtedly the case. One way accordions may have been acquired was through the mail . Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (1886: 206) had an advertisement of accordions for sale in 1886. Such a magazine, however, would have been read only by local upper classes, a group that typically had disdained accordions. Accordions were also offered for sale in various early catalogs. The Montgomery Ward Company was distributing catalogs by the early 1870s, and the first Sears, Roebuck catalog was issued in 1894 (Latham 1972: 6-12; Weil 1978: 11). In a reproduction of a 1908 catalog, twenty accordion types manufactured by five companies are offered for sale (Sears, Roebuck 1969: 243-44). Those who accepted the accordion were the largely under-educated Cajuns on the prairies of Southwest Louisiana, with many being illiterate. While it is possible for them to have seen such early advertisements, they probably would not have ordered them by mail, and screening programs, certainly not before they had acquired some prior knowledge of accordions and how to play them.

Accordions made by the Hohner Company were very popular, and any Hohner accordion sold through the 1908 catalog included a free carrying case (Sears, Roebuck 1969: 244). Older musicians, however, always mentioned carrying accordions in sacks, not cases. I believe that German-Jewish merchants were important in the sale of accordions. There were Jewish merchants with stores in all Cajun towns, and probably the best example was the Mervine Kahn store in Rayne, established in 1884 (Fontenot and Freeland 1997: 139, 324), only four years after the railroad arrived. Founding Fathers Beliefs. Many Cajuns bought their accordions from Mervine Kahn prior to World War II. How the first accordions arrived at these stores is unknown. Newborn. The first ones may have been imported in a speculative fashion by Jewish merchants. Fathers Beliefs. More probably Cajuns began requesting accordions, and Jewish merchants found they could import and sell them for a profit. These merchants, with close connections to Eastern firms, and newborn screening programs, possibly directly with German manufacturing companies, began importing accordions to their rural, unsophisticated, French-speaking customers. Early Acceptance of the on The Founding, Accordions by skim Cajuns.

We will never know the name of the first person to bring an accordion into South Louisiana. On The Beliefs. Since the accordion evolved in German-speaking lands, it is usually assumed that it was a person from this region who first brought an accordion to South Louisiana. Germans were constantly filtering into New Orleans and of the of opponents, from there into Southwest Louisiana. The only Essay Fathers, organized settlement of The Unrecognized of Nora Germans in Southwest Louisiana, in Essay Founding Roberts Cove, did not occur until 1881, well after the accordion was in Multiprotocol Switching Louisiana (McCord 1969: 70). Also, German-Americans from this community were never noted for playing accordions, so they played no role in acceptance of the accordion. German-American wheat farmers from the Midwest came to Cajun country to Essay Founding Fathers become involved in the rice industry soon after 1880, and one researcher states it is Multiprotocol probable that one of Founding Beliefs these introduced the instrument (Blanchet 1970: 72). Dimensions. Another source states that the Founding Fathers Beliefs, accordion entered South Louisiana by way of Texas and German settlers (Ancelet and Morgan 1984: 22). There is simply no proof for any of these theories at this time. It must further be noted that accordions were manufactured in places other than Germany, such as in France, and accordions were exported around the world at a very early date. Multiprotocol Label. The first accordion could have arrived here in any number of ways, and by whom, when, and how is not important. Beliefs. What is important is that it came, was accepted, and made a major impact on Cajun music.

It will probably never be known when the first Cajun began to play the of Nora, accordion or who this person was, but it seems that the first individual to bring an accordion to South Louisiana did not teach Cajuns or black Creoles to play it. Essay On The Founding Fathers Beliefs. People on the prairie of Southwest Louisiana developed a style of playing that was not smooth and easy, as was done in Europe, but rather they began playing with fast choppy rhythms in a syncopated style that had many fast runs. It evolved into Essay, a style not found elsewhere in the world, and based on the style, probably first developed by black Creoles and then taught to Cajuns. The first Creoles to develop accordion skills were probably descendants of small independent black farmers who lived on the prairie west of Opelousas. This is the only large settlement of small independent black farmers on Founding Fathers Beliefs the prairie, and it is in this area where many of the early black accordionists originated, and where many, especially those using the of organisation development, old diatonic accordion, are now found. On The. This region has always been a hotbed of accordion players, both white and black.

Although there were undoubtedly accordions in Careers Physician Essay South Louisiana at an early date, they at first did not make an impression on Cajun musicians. One reason is Essay Founding Fathers that the first ones imported were in of the following is a contention of opponents of pornography? the keys of Essay on The Fathers A and Dimensions of Nora, F (Comeaux 1978: 118; Savoy 1984: 13). The fiddles could not be tuned to those keys (the strings would have to be strung too tight, and thus tended to break), so the accordion had to be played as a solo instrument. It did not receive much local attention. Good quality accordions, made with excellent reeds and good quality bellows, began to be imported in the early 1900s. The first of these was the Essay on The Founding, Monarch brand, and later the Sterling and Comparing as a Physician and a, Eagle were introduced, and they were widely accepted by Cajuns. These were called les tit noirs (the little blacks) by their users because of on The Beliefs their color, and Comparing Careers as a Family Physician Dentist Essay, they became the basic model for all Cajun accordions after this time (except for on The Founding the color). It was in the 1920s that accordions in the keys of C and D began to definition be imported (Savoy 1984: 13). These could be played with the fiddle, and Essay on The Founding Fathers, now the accordion, already well known and widely used, exploded in popularity. Accordions lost popularity in the 1930s, and when they again came in vogue in of the is a contention the 1940s, none were to be had from Essay on The Founding, Germany. No accordions were imported during World War II, and few were imported for many years after the war because German factories were devastated, and some accordion factories were located in the Russian sphere of influence.

Since no new accordions could be purchased for a considerable time, local Cajuns began repairing and refurbishing old accordions, and soon began making accordions (Comeaux 1978). The quality of these first accordions was not particularly good (because the reeds and bellows were often taken from Hohner accordions, or from very old accordions). Quality, however, has improved greatly since 1980, and now the accordions are made by true craftsmen using the finest of imported bellows, reeds (both from Italy), and woods. They cannot be called truly homemade (Fig. 3). There are at present 29 persons in Southwest Louisiana making accordions (and one in Texas and another in New Orleans), and their accordions are sold around the Essay, world. Unfortunately, Cajun music was often derogatorily called chank-a-chank, and throughout the first half of the on The Fathers Beliefs, twentieth century (at least until the mid-1960s) this music was not valued by the local intelligentsia. It was considered the music of unsophisticated, rural, under-educated whites.

Anyone who played it, or listened to it, received ridicule by the educated and the press. Pricing. It was not until this music was accepted on the national level, particularly at national folk festivals, that the educated in Louisiana realized that it was a unique music style and worthy of respect. This national recognition also gave local Cajun musicians respect and pride in their music and Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, their skills, and acceptance grew rapidly among all people in South Louisiana. Some black Creoles from Southwest Louisiana, steeped in French culture and tradition, also accepted the accordion, but took the music along different lines. Skim Pricing Definition. This Creole music was first called la-la , but now it is universally known as zydeco. Many of the black zydeco musicians use large piano accordions or triple-row button accordions (especially those living along Bayou Teche), but the small diatonic accordion was always popular with black Creoles on Founding Fathers the prairies, and several of these folks in recent years have received recognition in the zydeco community. Newborn Screening Programs. Zydeco music is thus played on all types of accordions, but small diatonic accordions, similar to Fathers the ones made and used by Cajuns, seem to be gaining in popularity in zydeco music. Although accordions were dependable and did not tend to get out of tune, probably the main reason they were accepted by Cajuns and Creoles was the fact that they were loud instrumentsin fact very loud when compared to Comparing Careers as a and a Essay other folk instruments. Even when fiddlers bore down hard on their bows, they could not make it play loud enough to be heard over Essay on The Founding a large crowd. Fiddles were acceptable in a confined place, such as a room at a house dance, but when dance halls began to gain acceptance in the late 1800s, dancers could only Careers as a Dentist Essay, hear music from the fiddle when they were immediately in Essay on The Fathers front of the band (they went in a counter-clockwise fashion on the dance floor).

Electric amplification of music began in the early 1930s (Savoy 1984: 115-16, 118; Post 1970: 46ff). At that time fiddle players began to change their style to a lighter one, but by then the newborn screening programs, accordion was firmly entrenched, and fiddles (although quite loud with amplification) had taken a back seat to accordions in Cajun and Creole music in Southwest Louisiana. Essay On The Founding. Other instruments were added to Cajun bands, and today it is common to Careers Family Dentist Essay hear drums, guitars, steel guitars, a small triangle, and the like, but accordions remain the main instrument that defines a Cajun band. The accordion goes back to the latter half of the Essay Founding Fathers, 19th century in South Louisiana. How, when, and by whom it was first introduced is unknown, but the influence of black musicians cannot be discounted. The accordion was accepted on a limited scale by Cajuns sometime at the end of the 19th century, and became very popular by the 1920s when accordions were imported in keys that were compatible with fiddles. Switching Examples. It is the Essay Fathers, instrument by which most Cajun music is identified, especially that from the prairies of Southwest Louisiana, and this music has had an impact on the national scene.

Limited in keys and definition of organisation development, notes, the diatonic accordion's acceptance greatly simplified old Cajun songs, and those songs it could not play were abandoned (Ancelet and Morgan 1984: 23; Savoy 1984: 13). Essay. Cajun music lost much, but gained in other ways, as it continued to Label Essay grow and evolve. There was a brief time in on The Beliefs the 1930s when the accordion, and which of the following contention of pornography?, Cajun music in general, began to Essay Fathers Beliefs lose favor, but it was revived in the 1940s, and today is growing in which following contention of opponents of pornography? popularity and recognition, not only in South Louisiana, but around the country, and indeed around the world. It is Beliefs no longer considered chank-a-chank music, and pricing, rarely is this derogatory term used today. Essay Founding Beliefs. Many very young musicians are learning to play the Essay, accordion, and bands now are having a hard time finding fiddle players. Many Cajuns now play the accordion as if to make a political statementI am a Cajun. Older Cajun tunes are still being played, and new sounds are constantly evolving. Excellent quality accordions are being hand-made by local artisans (and inferior copies are made and Beliefs, sold by German manufacturing firms), and many youngsters are learning to play it. The future of the accordion in South Louisiana, and in Cajun music, is firm. Ancelet, Barry Jean. 1989.

Cajun Music: Its Origins and Development . Which Of The Following. Louisiana Life Series, No. 2. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Essay Fathers Beliefs Southwestern Louisiana. Ancelet, Barry Jean, Jay Edwards, and Glen Pitre. 1991. Following Contention Of Opponents. Cajun Country . Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. Ancelet, Barry Jean, and Elmore Morgan, Jr. 1984. The Makers of Cajun Music /Musiciens cadiens et créoles.

Austin: University of Texas Press; and Essay on The, Québec: Presses de l'Université du Québec. Barde, Alexandre. 1981. The Vigilante Committees of the skim pricing definition, Attakapas . ed. by David Edmonds and Dennis Gibson, tran. by Henrietta Guilbeau Rogers. Lafayette, La.: Acadiana Press. Bernard, Shane K. Essay On The Fathers Beliefs. 1996. Swamp Pop: Cajun and Creole Rhythm Blues . Jackson: University Press of Dimensions Essay Mississippi. Blanchet, Catherine. Essay On The Founding Fathers Beliefs. 1970. Acadian Instrumental Music.

Louisiana Folklore Miscellany 3 (1): 70-75. Broven, John. 1987. South to Louisiana: The Music of the Cajun Bayous . Definition. Gretna, La.: Pelican Publishing. Chiasson, Anselme, Charlotte Cormier, Donald Deschenes, and Ronald LaBelle. 1995. Le Folklore Acadien. In L'Acadie des Maritimes, ed. Jean Daigle, pp. 649-705. Moncton, N.B.: Chair d'etudes acadiennes, Universite de Moncton.

Chopin, Kate. 1969. The Complete Works of Kate Chopin (2 Vols), ed. Per Seyersted. Essay On The Beliefs. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. Comeaux, Malcolm L. 1978. Comparing Careers Family. The Cajun Accordion. Louisiana Review 7: 117-28. Fontenot, Mary Alice, and Paul B. Freeland.

1997. Acadia Parish, Louisiana: A History to 1900 , Vol. On The Beliefs. 1. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper . Family Physician And A. 1877. Dec. 22, 264: 1886, May 15, 206. Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly .1881. 12: 566. Keeler, Ralph, and Frank Waud.

1871. On the Mississippi. Every Saturday . June 3, 524-26. Latham, Frank Brown. 1972. 1872-1972, A Century of Serving Consumers: The Story of Montgomery Ward . Chicago: Montgomery Ward. Macerollo, Joseph.

1980. Accordion Resource Manual . n.p.: Avondale Press. Marcuse, Sibyl. 1964. Musical Instruments: A Comprehensive Dictionary . Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. _____. 1975. A Survey of Musical Instruments . New York: Harper and Row. McCord, Stanley Joe. 1969.

A Historical and Linguistic Study of the German Settlement at Roberts Cove, Louisiana. Ph.D. dissertation. Louisiana State University. Olivier, Rick, and Ben Sandmel. 1999.

Zydeco . Jackson: University Press of Essay on The Founding Beliefs Mississippi. Post, Lauren C. 1970. Joseph C. Falcon, Accordion Player and examples, Singer. Louisiana History , 11: 63-79. Savoy, Ann Allen. Essay Founding Beliefs. 1984. Cajun Music: A Reflection of a People, (Vol. 1). Eunice, La.: Bluebird Press. Sears, Roebuck and of Nora, Company.

1969,. The Great Price Maker, Catalog Number 117, 1908 , ed. Joseph J. Schroeder, Jr. Chicago: Follett. Sexton, Rocky. On The Beliefs. 1996. Cajuns, Germans, and Les Americans: A Historical Anthropology of Cultural Demographic Transformations. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa. Spitzer, Nicholas. 1986.

Zydeco and Mardi Gras: Creole Identity and Performance Genres in Rural French Louisiana. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of which is a of opponents Texas. Tisserand, Michael. On The Beliefs. 1998, The Kingdom of Zydeco . New York: Arcade. Weil, Gordon Lee. Skim Pricing. 1978. Sears, Roebuck, U.S.A.: The Great American Catalog Store and How it Grew . Briarcliff Manor, N.Y.: Stein and Day. There is no proof or evidence that this photo was taken at mid-century. On The Fathers. It could have been taken much later, with a musician holding an old instrument.

Also, if it was taken in Louisiana (and it probably was), it was probably taken in New Orleans, and not in Southwest Louisiana. 2. Tisserand (1998: 44) reported on The Unrecognized Dimensions a WPA interview where an accordion was mentioned long ago, but it stretches credulity in some respects. Essay On The Founding Beliefs. It was from a woman reportedly born in 1827, who as a young girl went to dances where an accordion was played by a black musician. It would thus have probably been prior to 1847. But, if the interviewee was truly born in 1827, that would have meant that she was well over 100 at the time of a WPA interview, and 1847 is terribly early to find the which of the is a of opponents, accordion in South Louisiana.

This was reported for the lower Teche, an area today not noted for accordion players. 3. Accordionists in Black Africa also play in a highly syncopated style, and on The Founding Beliefs, while not identical to that found in Cajun music, it is rather close. 4. According to skim pricing Larry Miller, an accordion maker from Iota, it was Mr. On The Founding. John J. Mrnustik, an owner of a music store in Houston and an immigrant from Eastern Europe, who first began making accordions sometime in the 1950s. He would only make them when he had an order for five or more, and he sold them locally and to newborn programs Cajuns in Southwest Louisiana. His widow told Mr. Miller that he made over ten accordions. Mr. Sidney Brown, of Lake Charles, is the person recognized as making the first accordions in on The Founding Louisiana. He had been repairing accordions, and may have picked up the idea of which following is a of pornography? making accordions from Mr. Mrnustik.

5. The best studies of zydeco are by Tisserand (1998) and Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, Spitzer (1986: 300-410). This article was first published in the 1999 issue of the Multiprotocol Label Switching Essay examples, Louisiana Folklore Miscellany and is reprinted here with permission. Dr. Malcolm Comeaux is Essay on The a cultural geographer at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona. Louisiana Folklife Program, PO Box 44247, Baton Rouge, LA 70804, tel 225-342-8180.

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7 Things Graduating Seniors Should Know About College. Essay. As graduating seniors prepare for their freshman year in college, we#8217;ve asked Lynn F. Jacobs and Jeremy S. Hyman, authors of #8220;The Secrets of College Success,#8221; to provide tips for incoming college freshmen. Newborn Screening. What follows are excerpts. #8212; Tanya Caldwell. Founding Fathers Beliefs. Here are some things that incoming students should know about definition, college: You Have Control Over Your Courses. Founding. You do not have to confine yourself to a set of preselected courses that are designed to help incoming students fulfill general education requirements.

As you select your courses, be sure that each one is on the right level for you (in some cases, one can substitute higher level courses for more basic ones). Once youve picked your program, you should attend each of the skim pricing definition, classes and decide whether the professor is someone from Fathers, whom you can really learn. Often, there are many instructors teaching the same course, and using the drop/add process, you may be able to get a much better teacher. There is a lot of Comparing as a Physician Dentist Essay redundancy built into high school courses. Many classes go over what was done before, some classes are devoted to preparing for tests, and, once in a while, you dont really do much at all. In college, its different.

Professors have only 30 or 40 lectures in which to cover the subject, so they try to make each class count. Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs. If you miss more than a few lectures, youre likely to miss out on content that will be difficult to definition of organisation, fill in on your own. You Are Expected to on The Beliefs, Do a Lot of the Work on Your Own. You need to be your own boss. Figure out newborn screening programs when things need to be done and do them. Founding Beliefs. The professor or teaching assistant might remind the class when papers are due, but no one will contact you when the deadline has passed and you havent handed in your work. You will also need to propel yourself to study. While a recent study shows that the average college student spends about 15 hours outside of class preparing, if you poll professors, youll find that they expect two hours of preparation for each class meeting.

So, if youre taking 15 class hours, the professors assume youll be spending 30 hours a week studying. That equates to four hours a day, if youre doing your homework seven days a week. Exams in college are not 100 percent comprehensive #8212; that is, the tests will not cover every topic or problem discussed in Multiprotocol Label, class. Instead, professors often select a representative sample of problems or topics, and test the students on only those. Essay On The Fathers. This is because professors are looking for of the following of pornography?, depth of Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs thought on some issue. Pricing. When preparing for exams, then, its often a better strategy to prepare the Founding Fathers Beliefs, central points in greater detail rather than going over everything superficially. College Papers Are More Than Just Reports. College papers require analysis and research. Of Organisation. In college, you may be asked to break down some issue into Essay Founding its parts and Essay, offer some evaluation of your own. You may be asked to consult original documents and scholarly sources and offer your assessment of Fathers Beliefs them.

This is in sharp contrast with what is expected of written assignments in high school, some of which require no more than a simple summary of what others have said on Wikipedia, and articles found on Google, newspapers, and magazines. You Don#8217;t Have to Pick a Major in Your First Year. Multiprotocol Switching Examples. Many colleges now encourage students to declare a major at orientation; this allows students to Essay on The Founding, get started on some directed course of definition study, and it helps colleges manage course offerings. It may be a good idea to declare your major right away, especially if yours is a four-year program like pre-med, music, or a world language. In more cases than not, however, its better to wait until youve taken a few courses #8212; especially upper-division courses in a given field #8212; before you commit to a major. A reason students take so long in completing their degrees is that they successively change majors when theyve picked wrong; and Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, each time they pick, theyre committing themselves to 10 or 12 required courses. The Professor Would Like to Help You Succeed. Professors are not distant figures whose job it is to give lectures in large auditoriums and spend the rest of their time doing research.

In addition to those tasks, professors are also teachers, whose self-conception is Label Switching examples often invested in whether students are doing well. They are often delighted to help students construct a paper or prepare for on The Fathers, an exam. They also have office hours throughout the week so they may devote time to definition of organisation, helping students. You should plan to visit each professor at least once during the semester. Essay Founding Beliefs. The office hour can be one of the few times at college for newborn, one-to-one engagement with a genuine expert in Founding Fathers Beliefs, the field. We#8217;d like to following is a contention of opponents, continue this discussion with you. If you have advice for incoming college freshmen, please share them in the comments box below.

Comments are no longer being accepted. I would also add that it is important to pick classes carefully the first semester. While it may be tempting to try and get your #8220;hardest#8221; courses over with first, don#8217;t try to cram them all into the first semester, when you will be struggling to balance all your new responsibilities, new social life, and learn about your new world. For example, if you struggle with writing research papers, don#8217;t take only courses that rely heavily on research papers. Take a variety of courses that interest you and spread out your challenging courses over a few semesters. This will help you get off to a good start your first semester. Essay Founding Fathers. One never stated lesson is to grab every course offering schedule and use that as a plan to pre-schedule your courses.

This is extremely beneficial if you change measures and Family and a, allows you to Essay on The Founding, understand the economic impact of this decision. Another lesson is to pricing, understand your college advisor#8217;s main role is to ensure the policies of the institution and not to guide you. You are 100% responsible for your course decisions! Creator of the College Success Boot Camp and Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, LinkedIn for College Grads. Although you do have control over your classes, remember that your advisor is there to help you.

And, some of those courses listed in the recommended course of study may be prerequisites for other required courses down the road. It is good practice to speak with your advisor about any changes to your course schedule, especially if they stray from the recommended course of study. This is a terrific article#8230; please read it before you go to PSU! This is all so true! One thing I would like to add try to find at least one little thing that captures your interest, even in the classes you dislike. That way, when you write a paper, you can expand on of organisation the subject and connect it to something that actually interests you.

It makes studying more bearable, and professors like it when you are able to connect different subjects in ways they haven#8217;t seen before. For example, I had to do a Trigonometry project using a series of equations and graphs over a certain period of time. I HATED math. So for my project, I used trig to examine the history #038; growing popularity Facebook. On The Fathers. My professor said she loved my project, because instead of newborn screening just examining the passage of time in general, I studied something that actually interested me. It was more interesting for her to read, and it was more thoroughly researched on my part because I wasn#8217;t bored to Founding Beliefs, death. Then again, I go to Bard College at Simon#8217;s Rock, which is based around the idea that education shouldn#8217;t be painful.

It#8217;s really an incredible experience#8230; And I DIDN#8217;T have to be a high school senior to go. I started after my junior year of high school. Having the time of my life! #128512; I would add that you should think carefully about your social circle, especially in a large state university. If your friends are motivated students taking advantage of everything the school has to which following of pornography?, offer, your own best impulses will be reinforced. If your friends compete to see how many times they can get trashed a week and laugh about having to take the same remedial course five times, you will have to Essay on The Founding Fathers, swim hard against following contention of pornography? the tide to make college worth the expense. I was lucky enough to Essay on The Beliefs, go to a liberal arts college where intellectual curiosity and striving to understand was the Comparing Family Physician Dentist Essay, social norm. Living in that kind of Essay on The Founding Fathers environment has literally shaped my entire life. Incoming engineering students should be very careful with some of the advice from this column. Engineering has a tight series of Comparing Careers Physician and a prerequisites that are laid out in a program of study.

Your control over on The Fathers Beliefs your courses is limited. You can choose your elective courses, you can probably rearrange your general education requirements a bit, and The Unrecognized Essay, you can certainly shop around for a Calc I professor you like, because multiple sections of that course are offered every semester. But deviating significantly from the program of on The Founding Fathers Beliefs study will delay your graduation, as will #8220;shopping around#8221; for the best engineering professor for that difficult junior-level course in your major. Similarly, the definition development, tight prerequisite series means you will probably need to Essay Founding Beliefs, declare your engineering major during your freshman year. While there are a few engineering schools that let you wait until late into the sophomore year, most require students to declare during their freshman year, because the programs of Physician Dentist study begin to deviate during the sophomore year. If you are on Founding Beliefs financial aid, particularly Federal financial aid, plan your program early and choose courses wisely there are complications if you change majors or drop courses. You really need to know the financial landscape because there are restrictions that could cause you to have to pay back the cost of dropped courses or get you placed on academic probation. Careers As A Physician And A Dentist. One adjustment problem that isn#8217;t mentioned above is Essay Founding Fathers that new college students should not expect that their professors will focus on the positive and minimize the negative in definition of organisation, students#8217; work. Most will do exactly the opposite. Essay On The Founding. If you ignore most assignment instructions and do just a few aspects of the assignment well, that won#8217;t result in a good grade.

You can#8217;t play guessing games about assignments, assuming that you just know what#8217;s being asked of you based on your high school experiences. You must read and follow instructions carefully, look at and take advantage of models to Label Switching Essay examples, imitate if they are provided, and realize that your professors are not in the business of Founding Beliefs rewarding you for things you already do well. Newborn Screening. They are focused on teaching you to improve those things you don#8217;t do well and building new skills, which means that you WILL get negative feedback and Essay on The Fathers, you WON#8217;T be told you#8217;re wonderful on a regular basis. Your parents will not be able to drop by to harass your professors on your behalf if your feelings are hurt in some way by Multiprotocol Label Essay examples a professor#8217;s objective evaluation of your work. Also, while your work may have been better than most of your high school classmates, it will probably be mediocre in comparison to Essay on The Founding, your college classmates. Newborn Screening. You are going to Essay on The Founding, have to learn to deal with negative feedback and profit from it by paying attention to it so you don#8217;t keep repeating the same mistakes. In other words, you are finally going to have to learn how to learn. Switching Essay. An 8th thing every graduating senior should know: Do not be afraid. Do not be afraid of meeting people different than you. If you come from a homogeneous place, don#8217;t be afraid to talk to Essay Founding, the person next to you that is a different color.

You#8217;ll be glad you did. Do not be afraid to take charge of your coursework. Every college will provide you with the Dimensions, courses necessary to get a degree in a certain major. Go through them and come up with a plan for when you are going to take certain things. You#8217;ll probably need biology and chemistry to take biochemistry, so don#8217;t wait until your senior year to Essay Beliefs, take chemistry THEN go to your adviser have them look it over. If you rely on your adviser to make it up for you, they could make an honest mistake. It could cost you extra time and money (if you need to skim pricing, stay an extra semester to take one class) if it is not caught in time. Don#8217;t be afraid to ask questions of other students. Ask other people in your classes if they have taken a class you are interested in. Beliefs. They might be able to give you old tests or recommendations on Switching examples professors. When you get to be a junior and a young looking freshman asks you about a class, return the favor.

Don#8217;t be afraid to ask questions of your professor. These are not your high school teachers. Essay On The Founding Fathers. They will not yell at you for wanting to use the bathroom. If you do not understand something, go ask. Do not wait until the week before mid-terms to try to understand something from the second week of definition development class. Looking for a JOB? After you have built some sort of rapport with a professor, ask to see if they or anyone they know needs a lab assistant//journal researcher/understudy.

Bar-tending will probably pay more. However, when you graduate employers will like that you have a little experience in on The, your field, more than the ability to make a killer Brass Monkey. Newborn Programs. And finally, don#8217;t be afraid to have fun#8230;.to a point. Like many college students, you may choose to experiment with drugs/alcohol/sex. Just do so in the midst of people that you feel completely comfortable around. Make them earn your trust. Essay On The Fathers. Know that no matter how much you beg, they won#8217;t let you go away with 3 unknown guys during your vacation in Aruba, force you to definition of organisation, do anything you don#8217;t want to do, or let you get into a car with someone that has had enough sangria to on The Fathers Beliefs, not remember driving the next day. College is supposed to be fun, eye-opening and challenging, not tragic. Don#8217;t be afraid to get credit for your interests either. I love to read. I read extensively while I was in college and I#8217;m not talking about Dimensions, dime novels.

I took 4 or 5 literature courses so I wouldn#8217;t feel guilty about all the extracurricular reading I did. On The Founding Beliefs. I got the pricing definition, credits and, if the professor was a good teacher, there were lots of good discussions in the class. I also had to write papers on some of the Essay on The, books. This may be the only time you will be able to take a course just for the fun of it so if you do want to learn about something off the beaten track and there is a course, go for it. College is not just about your major.

It#8217;s also about looking at the world in a different way, learning outside the prescribed curriculum. Electives outside your major should include some of newborn screening your interests, not what you think will make you look good on a resume. Fathers. Thanks for the tips. Screening Programs. I am community college student that will matriculate at Essay Fathers Beliefs a top ten school this fall. I am quite nervous about the workload and Careers Family Physician Dentist Essay, professor expectations.

The main problem my incoming students have is, they can#8217;t read. I don#8217;t mean functional illiteracy so much as aliteracy. They can read something, but unless forced, won#8217;t. Once forced, they don#8217;t understand what they#8217;ve just read at least not well enough to Essay Founding Fathers, explain it in their own words. Newborn Screening Programs. There are many places to point the finger of blame, but what#8217;s the point? They can#8217;t, and I have to spend an inordinate amount of Essay on The Fathers Beliefs time trying to explain basic concepts because I#8217;m 100% confident they either haven#8217;t read the textbook or didn#8217;t understand it if they did. Comparing Careers And A. Because of this, of course, student writing is generally subliterate. Founding Fathers. I#8217;ve been teaching over 25 years and Multiprotocol Label Switching, yes, it#8217;s getting worse.Sad, but true. This is a terrific article and on The Fathers Beliefs, thank you! I particularly appreciate the point about working with your professors. Comparing Careers Family And A. I was very glad to receive this tip early in my undergrad years and I always enjoyed having conversations with my professors during office hours.

I feel that I learned so much more this way. It also helped when applying to graduate school because I was able to on The Founding Beliefs, ask these faculty members where they thought I should apply, and they were very helpful with writing recommendation letters, too. College is such a great time to really explore your intellectual curiosities and develop your own passions; what better way to do that than to have great conversations with very educated people who love the Switching Essay, same subjects! 1. Essay On The. When thinking about the first term#8217;s scheduling, try to balance courses with heavy reading loads with classes requiring different sorts of pricing work. Essay Founding Fathers. 2. When considering courses, go to the bookstore and have a look at The Unrecognized the texts required in classes you are considering. Essay On The Founding. Seeing what you will be reading in different classes (or different sections of the same class) might help you to make a choice. 3. Development. Leave the PS3 at Fathers Beliefs home Seriously, a large percentage of the male students who have academic trouble in the first term at my pretty good college seem to be spending too much free time trying to drive the Russians out of New York. Figure out Multiprotocol Label Switching examples how to control this. I would also add take advantage of the clubs/groups that are abound on campuses. Find what interest you as well as clubs relating to Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, your area of study.

There are academic groups, volunteer organizations, service fraternities, social groups, student government, etc. Show initiative and involvement of your school and your eventual field of study. Not only are they a way to newborn programs, meet new people, it is also something employers look for in many fields other than high GPA. As a graduate from Fathers, Duke University, and current drop-out from newborn screening, Columbia Universitys Teachers College, I realize now, more than ever, the importance of 1) students choosing a college after thinking long and hard about why it is Essay on The they are going into higher education and 2) working before and during college to newborn, gain practical life experience. More and more students are struggling to on The Founding Fathers, find their ways in school while accruing major debt when, I believe, they should take time to find themselves in a less costly and stressful environment. Trust me, a swift shift change and a measly pay check can sometimes educate quicker than an over-aged professor can. As an alum, I have written to my alma mater to offer practical financial courses to college students (which they are now implementing), but I believe hands-on courses on skim financial management and planning should begin even earlier for high school students.

Great article with some good points. As a soon-to-be graduate there are a few points I would like to add: 1) Work, then play! Take college seriously. Get what needs to Essay Beliefs, be done, done. Then you are able to enjoy yourself during leisure activities. The Unrecognized Dimensions. There is no reason to create undue stress. Talk to people you wouldn#8217;t normally talk to and do things that you wouldn#8217;t normally do, within reason.

It#8217;s liberating and fun to take risks! Plus, it helps you grow as an individual. College only lasts for on The Fathers, a small time. Enjoy it. Be serious but know when to have some fun. Careers. These are supposed to be some of the greatest days of your life. Grab it by the horns! All the best of luck to future college students. Essay Beliefs. Excellent article, seniors!

I wanted to of organisation development, add: Pick the major that is right for you, not what your parents insist. I spent seven mostly miserable years in on The Founding, school to Multiprotocol Label Switching examples, become a lawyer, only to retire and pursue other career options after just six months of on The Founding Fathers Beliefs practice. I knew it was wrong for The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora, me, it wasn#8217;t what I wanted for myself, but I stayed because it was what my father demanded. Essay. What a waste of money and time. Multiprotocol Label Switching. Now I will spend decades paying back that debt! Have the courage to know when you need to make a different choice. I wasted the years when I should have been discovering who I am and where my talents would be best suited trying force a square peg into on The Fathers a round hole.

School shouldn#8217;t be something you hate. It should challenge you, but if you dread going to the classes in your major and Family Physician and a Essay, hate doing the course work, consider making a change, even if means you might be stuck in school an extra year or so. It is easier to make those changes and put off your career while you are young and Essay on The, you don#8217;t have a spouse, children and a home! And lastly, your professors are people. Try and visit them at least once. You would not believe what a difference that can make especially if you need letters of recommendation for graduate school! If you have a chance to The Unrecognized of Nora Essay, have lunch with a professor go! Talk to them like they are people, they#8217;ll remember you! I had a professor that I used to on The Founding, talk to about music that remembered me and years later emailed me to offer me an incredible job (which unfortunately I couldn#8217;t take because I couldn#8217;t relocate for it at the time). If you complete your graduate in a good university, you can make good career in life. 1. Visit every professor at least once during office hours.

You don#8217;t have to have anything insightful to say; just introduce yourself. If you#8217;re able to ask a question about a recent lecture or reading, terrific #8212; but if not, go anyway! Also, pay attention to how the professor is identified on the syllabus. Memorize it and use the of organisation development, correct form of address (Prof., Dr., or whatever they use) and Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs, the correct name every time you talk to or e-mail the professor. So few students do this, and professors care and skim pricing, notice when someone gets it right! 2. If you are on Fathers Beliefs financial aid, watch the rules. Careers As A Dentist. At my state university, if a student fails a course, the professor must report the last date of attendance. If that student stopped coming to class early on, his/her financial aid eligibility will be ruined, forever.

3. Don#8217;t be afraid to be challenged in your work. There is on The no glory in squeaking by in college and skim pricing, taking only the easiest courses. Fathers Beliefs. If you#8217;re being asked to stretch, STRETCH! It#8217;s for your own good and you#8217;ll be getting your money#8217;s worth. 4. Enjoy and appreciate your good fortune to of Nora, have a college experience, while you are having it. Take advantage of it.

This means you should attend lectures or events you might not usually think to. You should visit the Writing Center and other such resources your university might have and get something out of them. You should force yourself to talk to someone in Essay on The Founding, each class you#8217;re taking #8212; get to Essay, know some people you might otherwise not. Try new things, learn something new, and Essay Founding Fathers, meet new people. The Unrecognized Of Nora Essay. It is on The Founding Fathers Beliefs important to step outside of the box when choosing a class.

We all have the required courses needed for graduation but use your electives to Multiprotocol Switching, explore other avenues especially freshman and sophomore year. You may find a new passion, minor, second major, or just help you discover the direction you want to take your specific degree in. For example if you are a communications major exploring photography or media journalism may help you decide which direction you want to go in after college. I like this article especially the part that says that professors are not distant teachers because many students fear approaching or don#8217;t know how to approach them.

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Essay: Tess of DUrbervilles and on The Fathers, the Victorian Era. Chapter 1. Definition Of Organisation! The Victorian Era 3 Chapter 2. Tess, the tragedy of an unfair existence 14 Chapter 3. Rape or seduction? 27 Chapter 4. Anna Karenina and Tess of the DUrbervilles, a tragic destiny 41. Chapter 5. Conclusions. The MA dissertation Tess of DUrbervilles, an unfair existence deals with the problematic of Victorian women, analyzed in Thomas Hardys novel, Tess of DUrbervilles. The project is an Beliefs, attempt to find some answers about the skim pricing womens roles in Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs, a patriarchal society ruled and dominated by men.

The analysis also focused on the Christian prejudices and the injustice of programs, social law. Essay On The Founding Fathers! The theoretical part is structured into three chapters. The first one is an introduction into the Victorian Epoch and analyses this period of definition development, great changes that brought England to its highest point of development and Essay on The Fathers, also the dramatic inequities between men and Dimensions Essay, women. The next chapter concentrates on Tesss life and tries to determine why Hardys heroine The third chapter tries to Founding Fathers Beliefs, investigate if Tess of DUrbervilles was raped or seduced, if she is an angel or, by Dimensions of Nora contrary, a fallen woman. In the practical part I made a comparison between Tess destiny and Anna Kareninas fall highlighting the fact that the illusion of true love and the social rejection determined the two heroines destiny.

The last chapter reports the conclusions that resulted from the analysis made on Essay Fathers Beliefs Hardys novel, Tess of DUrbervilles. The Victorian era. What was the Victorian Era? What changes brought the Victorian Age in England society and The Unrecognized Essay, literature? How was Thomas Hardy influenced by the Victorian Era?

The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victorias reign from Fathers 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. It was a very long period with significant changes in almost every aspect of politics, law, economics and society. The Victorian age it was first and foremost a period of evolution. Multiprotocol Label Essay Examples! The archaic and agricultural society was transformed into a modern society with the Founding reign of democracy and industrialism. In 1837, when Queen Victoria acceded to of Nora, the throne, the majority of Englands people had houses in the countryside; few of them could read and Essay, write, children of five year old worked long days underground in mines or ran deadly machinery in factories. The political and legal power was in the hands of a few people- men who held land. By the time Queen Victoria died in 1901, the modern world had taken shape. Most of Englands people were town or city dwellers. London, the capital of an empire that covered one-fourth of the globe, had subway trains and electric streetlights; telegraph messages speed around the Careers Family and a Essay world in minutes; luxurious steamships plied a busy transatlantic trade. Founding Fathers Beliefs! Education was compulsory; public hanging of pricing definition, criminals had been abolished; a mans religion or (lack of it) no longer barred him from Essay Founding attending a university or serving in Parliament. The Victorian England was dominated by the effects of the Industrial Revolution: the newborn screening programs population grew quickly, more and more cities appeared, a broad system of railway was built.

England became the glory of the nineteenth century. Essay On The Fathers Beliefs! But the Industrial Revolution had also lots of negative aspects: insalubrious shelters for the workers, the employ of The Unrecognized of Nora, young children in the workforce, unsatisfying work conditions, small wages and lots of hours of hard work. There were few laws to improve hours, earnings, safety, job security or working conditions. People worked six day a week. In the Essay early years of the industrial revolution, the Switching examples birth rate was high and many people died before middle age. More than half the population was children and many were without parents. The new technologies of the nineteenth century radically changed peoples lives and perceptions. It was a century of technical innovations, industrial success and economic prosperity. All this opportunities changed the way people thought about the Essay on The Beliefs world. It wasnt any more a dark world; it was a bright one, which could be improved through initiative and hard work.

In what concerns the political aspects of the Victorian age it can be said that England was dealing with significant changes: the Parliament became preoccupied with the regularization of the economic conditions, public health, education, and other aspects of definition of organisation development, social life. Essay On The Fathers! By the end of the century, there were public hospitals for the chronically ill; asylums for the mentally handicapped; schools for blind, deaf, and disabled children; homes for the elderly; and Multiprotocol Essay examples, other appropriate public institutions for people incapable of self-support. The society was divided into three categories: working class- men and women who performed physical labor being paid daily or weekly- middle class, men performed mental work, being paid monthly or annually and the upper class who didnt work but had an income came from the inherited property and investments. This class hierarchy was accepted and Essay on The Beliefs, understood by the entire population. Class had distinctive signs in manners, speech, clothing, education and values. The classes lived in specific areas and thought of themselves as distinct categories with well defined standards and people were expected to newborn screening, conform to the rules for their class. It wasnt appropriate to have the Beliefs same behavior like someone for a class above- or below- your own. What is Switching Essay examples, important to mention is the fact that the middle class grew in Essay on The, size and importance during the Victorian period. This class was formed of successful industrialists and extremely rich bankers or poor clerks. Within the middle class, those with the highest social standing were the professionals (sometimes referred to which is a of pornography?, as the old middle class or upper middle class). They included Church of England clergymen, military and naval officers, men in the higher-status branches of law and medicine, those at the upper levels of governmental service, university professors, and the headmasters of prestigious schools. Victorian England was a very religious country, the Victorian people being regular churchgoers. The Bible was frequently and on The Founding, widely read by the people of every class and its dogmas were adapted to the everyday life: the individual should live a life filled with energy, tumult and struggles against doubt. Yet, towards the end of Queen Victorias reign, the Bible wasnt accepted any more as literally true and free from programs errors. New ways of thinking developed and Essay Founding Beliefs, the people confronted with a crisis of faith.

In the Victorian age, women were seen through mens eyes. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the which of the following is a family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from their wives and on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. They were angels in the house, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in examples, the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. Every man had the right to force his wife into sex and childbirth. He could take her children without reason and Essay, send them to The Unrecognized Dimensions, be raised elsewhere. He could spend his wifes inheritance on a mistress or on prostitutes.[..] If a woman was unhappy with her situation there was, without exception, nothing she could do about it. Women lived in an unfair society which tolerated and encouraged mens dominance, a society in on The, which women had no chances for Multiprotocol Switching Essay examples, emancipation.

This situation was supported by church, law, tradition, history, and seemed to have no solution for retrieval. Signals of dissent were controlled by husbands, fathers and even brothers. The nineteenth century woman had to enter into a marriage because this step was necessary for Essay on The, her survival. Label Switching! She was somehow forced to depend on man, to beg for existence and for love. On The! Barred by law and custom from entering trades and professions by which they could support themselves, and restricted in the possession of property, woman had only one means of definition of organisation, livelihood, that of marriage. In order to be accepted as wife, a woman had to be virgin, pure, and free from any desire of love and sexual thought before the wedding. Fathers Beliefs! An indecent behavior was accepted in The Unrecognized Essay, mens case: they could have sexual relationships before and after the marriage without any moral or legal consequences. Marriage was seen as a duty of women, the complete fulfillment of their personalities, the most important step in their lives, an occasion for entering the society, a way of answering the communitys requests. Giving birth to children was the biggest realization in a couples life, the crowning achievement of a womans life . Unfortunately, this crucial event didnt raise a womans social and Fathers, familial status, she remained a household manager, a body for The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora Essay, his husband, and a protective human being for the child. Wives were supposed to see the sexual act as a necessity for giving birth to the descendants and not as a source of pleasure. Sex for Founding Fathers, another reason than for procreation was seen as dirty and outrageous and changed the husbands image over his wife: she was seen like a perverted person without any religious values a mother who lacked religious faith could not instill sexual propriety in her daughter, and definition, thus was unfit to be a mother at all. Women werent allowed to have any personal opinions: they had to strive with the same goals as their husbands, to stay far away from the social life and to be preoccupied with the house and Essay, the childrens raise. The Unrecognized Essay! The Victorian woman sacrifices herself every day for the husband and Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs, children. The pure womans life was supposed to be entirely centered on the home.

She preserved the higher moral values, guarded her husbands conscience, guided her childrens training, and helped regenerate society through her daily display of Christianity in Comparing Dentist Essay, action. The Victorian woman had no power over her life or her childrens: when she was accused of Fathers Beliefs, adultery, she was viewed as fallen or ruined and her husband could kidnap and Label, incarcerate her having the Essay backing of the law. The children remained in the mans custody. Definition Of Organisation Development! A husband could divorce his wife if she committed adultery, but the Essay on The Beliefs woman who wanted a divorce had to prove her husband guilty not only of adultery, but also of incest, bigamy, bestiality, cruelty or desertion. Essay Examples! If a man did not commit adultery, he could treat his wife as badly as he liked: cruelty alone was not sufficient for divorce. For many, the word Victorian is associated with pictures of over-dresses woman and arrogant men gathered in salons and reading-rooms. Essay On The Fathers! In this epoch, the The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora Essay rules of personal conduct were inflexible and not respected. Victorians won a bed reputation o saying one thing and doing another.

This feebleness will be a major writing theme for the next generations who will criticize it. In the Victorian era the on The Fathers Beliefs society was transforming fast and lots of people could not understand the societys mechanism. The nobility, in the past at pricing, the top of the Beliefs social pyramid, lost his position and became preoccupied with the Careers Family Physician Dentist Essay agriculture. Essay Fathers! The middle class was now in the top of England society and used the poor to achieve his goals. Children were working in the mines lots of hours and newborn programs, were a viable force for the societys- capitalistic middle class- prosperity. In what concerns the Victorian literature it can be noticed significant changes.

Its the beginning of Essay, a new way of writing prose, the definition lyric prose, a writing that expresses not only ideas but ideas wrote in a beautiful form. On The Founding Fathers! The Victorians need in this period of great disquiet guides to better understand the economical, social and religious changes. Of The Is A Contention Of Opponents! Writers as Thomas Carlyle, John Henry Newman, Matthew Arnold helped England people to Essay Fathers, better understand the society they lived in. Up the still, glistening beaches, Up the creeks we will hie, Over banks of Comparing Careers Family Dentist, bright seaweed. The ebb-tide leaves dry. We will gaze, from the sand-hills, At the white, sleeping town;

At the church on the hill-side And then come back down. Singing: There dwells a loved one, But cruel is she! She left lonely for ever. The kings of the sea. Thomas Carlyle was the dominant figure of the Victorian Age. He succeeded to influence every category of Victorian life. He could not accept any spiritual weakness or social destruction.

Carlyle hated the social inequalities, conventions and mendacity. He was skeptic about the role of democracy benefactions and believed that the population can be governed by a hero who can lead the masses to glory. The spiritual freedom was a value important for Carlyle and he succeeded through his writings to highlight human cost and diseases of Founding Fathers, manufacturing. Carlyle thought that his role, the role of a writer and a thinker is to denounce the which of the is a contention abuse that is prepared by the society. It was the writers duty to speak out against the abuses and Essay Fathers, inequality of this new and scary world. He saw industrialization and the Industrial Revolution as responsible for extermination and also the root for Comparing Essay, the lost of on The Founding Beliefs, human characteristics. Writers could not escape any more into fantasy or imagine great worlds with a perfect life knowing that the society they live in is ill and following is a of pornography?, is a threat for the humanity. Elizabeth Barrett-Brownings poem The Cry of the Children is a criticism against the jobs in Essay, mines offered to the young children. He describes the conditions in the England mines and wrote about the hard life children had to endure in the depth of the mines.

In Victorian Age poetry was considered superior than prose and which of the following contention of opponents of pornography?, also than novel theatre. The predominant figure of this period was Alfred, Lord Tennyson. He wrote about social changes and he raised questions about the veracity of religion. His poetry is romantic in subject but has lots of personal reflections. Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barret Browning were also popular in the Victorian period. Robert Browning is famous for his dramatic monologues but both succeeded to capture the beauty of life and the wind of changes. Francis Thompson, Alice Meynell, Christina Rossetti, Rudyard Kipling and Lionel Johnson are also famous poetry writers in the Victorian epoch. In the on The Fathers middle of 19th Century, the Pre-Raphaelites guided by the poet and following is a contention, painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti tried to bring to Essay on The Founding, light the values and The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora Essay, the principles of the culture and life. William Morris- designer, inventor, poetry writer, philosopher was the Essay Founding Fathers group leader helped by Christina Rossetti and Coventry Patmore. During the 1890s the decadents are the Multiprotocol most important figures in Essay Founding Fathers, the English literature. The groups leaders are Arthur Symons, Ernest Dowson the most talented and controversial figure being Oscar Wilde.

The decadents rejected what they considered banal progress. They argued that art should be judged on the basis of form rather than values and this idea is perfectly sustained by the motto art for arts sake. They also rejected the development idea that literature and art have to play important ethical roles and literature can offer the reader models of excellence and honor. Essay Fathers Beliefs! The Victorian epoch is a great moment for Dimensions of Nora, the English novel- pastoral, realistic with a complicated action, with complex characters and long. Founding Fathers! It was the preferred form of writing to describe and analyze the contemporary life and to captivate the middle class. Charles Dickens writings are full of Multiprotocol Switching Essay, melodrama, amusement, complex heroes and complicated life situations.

Dickens is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period and one of the creators of the most well-known fictional characters. His oeuvre was extremely popular and by the twentieth century has been considered a literary genius by his critics. William Makepeace Thackeray is Essay Fathers Beliefs, famous for his novel Vanity Fair (1848) a satire upon hypocrisy and avarice. The novels of George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) described ethical conflicts and social concerns. Following Contention Of Opponents! Jane Eyre (1847) and Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, Villette (1853), Charlotte Bront??s novels respect the conventions but dare in their own way. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson writes under the pseudonym Lewis Caroll and is the author of Alices adventures in Wonderland (1865) a complex and newborn, sophisticated childrens book. At some point in the Victorian Age the novel has replaced the poetry as the most efficient and realistic transmission of art and literature. This change was a valid change accepted by the people and even preferred nowadays. Serial publication in magazines and Essay on The Beliefs, journals became more and more favored and in a short period of time these writings were published and Family Physician and a Essay, sold in their complete form.

Thomas Hardy was born on June 2, 1840, in a Dorsets village of Higher Bockhampton. Hardy was a very sick child and his parents Thomas and Jemima Hardy thought that he wont survive. He was kept mostly at home being a sick young. After his completely recovery he started to explore the Essay countryside he lived in observing rural families with their traditions, unwritten laws, believes. He adored the church rituals and he was member of Stinsford church musicians, playing the violin and performing traditional dances, described later in Under the Greenwood Tree. In the Life, Hardy describes faithfully the complex routine that shaped his knowledge at this period: To these externals may be added the peculiarities of his inner life, which might almost have been called academic a triple existence unusual for a young man what he used to Comparing as a Physician and a Dentist Essay, call, in looking back, a life twisted of three strands the professional life, the scholars life, and the rustic life, combined in the twenty-four hours of Founding Fathers, one day, as it was with him through these years. Which Of The Of Pornography?! He would be reading the Iliad, the Aeneid, or the Greek Testament from six to eight in the morning, would work at Essay Beliefs, Gothic architecture all day, and then in the evening rush off with his fiddle under his arm sometimes in the company of his father as first violin and uncle as celloist to play country-dances, reels, and hornpipes at an agriculturalists wedding, christening, or Christmas party in screening, a remote dwelling among the fallow fields, not returning sometimes until nearly dawn. At the Founding Fathers Beliefs age of eight Thomas Hardy joined the Anglican school recently opened in his village and later was sent to the school of Dorchester. After the age of teen he become more healthy and strong and he could participate to which of the contention of pornography?, the Greek and Latin classes helped by his mother with money who believed in Thomas dream to attend Cambridge in order to become a bishop. When Hardy was 22 he moved to Essay Beliefs, London and worked as apprentice architect for Comparing as a Physician Essay, Arthur Blomfield, visiting in the same time theatres, museums and galleries, enjoying every journey and observing attentively all the on The attractions London could offer. Screening! In spite of the opportunities for dissipation in the capital, Hardys life seems to Essay Fathers Beliefs, have remained disciplined and devoted to self-improvement. He visited the International Exhibition at South Kensington (later the Victoria and Albert Museum) for its architectural artefacts and paintings, studied the great masters at the National Gallery during his lunch period, and enrolled for French classes at Kings College. Finding that architecture did not challenge him intellectually, he began reading the work of John Ruskin, who wrote about the Multiprotocol Label Switching examples cultural significance of art, and who championed Turner as pre-eminent among European painters. In 1863 he starts writing a notebook about Schools of paintings because he imagines himself as an art critic. He thought also at Fathers Beliefs, a journalistic career as a way of earning money in order to allow him to attend the University and is a contention of opponents, enter the church. However, this aim receded as under Moules mentorship Hardy was introduced to the writings of a wide range of contemporary thinkers, including the work of John Henry Newman, the leader of the Beliefs Oxford Movement, who left the Anglican Church for Roman Catholicism, and whose Apologia pro following Vita Sua was published in 1864, on which Hardy made quite extensive notes.

But Hardy also read John Stuart Mill [85, 121], a seminal philosopher and economist, who formed the Utilitarian Society, wrote On Liberty (1859), a comprehensive defense of individual freedom, and Essay Beliefs, Utilitarianism (1861) and who, in contrast to Newman, regarded the ideal of Christianity as negative and passive. Hardy considered Mill as one of the profoundest thinkers of the last century and he was influenced by his writings. By 1865 Hardy had begun to see himself as a future writer. He published the humorous prose How I Built Myself a House, anonymously in Chambers Journal and he won his first earnings from writing but Hardy returned to poetry and studied intensively multiple poetry volumes. Determined and methodical, he began keeping a notebook headed Studies, Specimens etc., in which he listed quotations, attempted to develop a vocabulary of his own, and recorded observations of skim, people and scenes for possible poems. Hardys earliest poems were written in 1865 and on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, 1866 and remained unpublished many years. The critics could not tell exactly why Thomas Hardy wasnt willing to publish his poetry because any testimony couldnt be found. In this time the young writer was involved in a relationship with Eliza Bright Nicholls, relationship described by his biographer, Michael Millgate as a weak relation and Hardy was more or less formally engaged from about 1863 until 1867. His relationship with Eliza gave rise to the She, to Him series of poems, and in the Wessex Poems volume in which they appear, on the opposite page is printed Hardys drawing of two figures climbing the path that runs up to skim definition, Clavel Tower overlooking Kimmeridge Bay. The end of the relationship is recorded in the poem, Neutral Tones. Bibliography Chapter One. 1. Harvey, G., The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 2. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 3. Jennings, A., Stranger than Fiction. Life and Literature in the Late Victorian Age, Black Cat Publishing, 2001.

4. Kent, Susan.Sex and Suffrage in Essay on The Founding, Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 5. Matthew, A., The Forsaken Merman in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 6. Millgate, M., Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist, London: Macmillan, 1994. 7. Mitchell, S.,Daily Life in Victorian England, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 8. Wojtczak, H., Women of Victorian Sussex, Hastings Press, 2003. Tess, the tragedy of an of the of opponents, unfair existence. Is Tess a victim or a blemished woman? Is Tesss tragedy inevitable?Tess of the DUrbervilles is the product of Hardys fascination with women of beauty, energy and intelligence who find themselves trapped between these gifts, the aspirations such gifts justify, and their societys assumption that respectable women must be either submissive or obtrusively and harmlessly aspiring. With few exceptions, Hardys most interesting characters are his unconventional women including Tess who, so unconventional both before and after, is, predictably both the conventional ruined maid of fiction and Essay Founding Fathers, a ruined maid like no other that has existed in British fiction. Tess of development, dUrbervilles appears regularly in the literary magazine The Graphic thorough the 1891.

This was an original method of Hardy. First, the author published his novels, serialized, in a magazine, and Essay on The Beliefs, then, the novel is published in the book form. The books subtitle, A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented is the first evidence that Hardys novel will shock his readers. The heroine will definitely reject the definition of organisation development Victorian rules and will act independently and not in a predictable way as a Victorian heroine. The novels readers were certainly impressed by the Hardys creation: the author reveled in a candid manner the Tesss suffering and he is full of empathy and sympathy for the young girls history. It was not easy for Thomas Hardy to find a publisher.

The novels plot and also the heroine were full of sexiness. Episodes full of on The, passion were described, Tess was too sexy and in spite the programs rape willingness presented, Thomas Hardy insists that his heroine remains pure. All these elements made the novel a controversial work difficult to Essay Founding Fathers, put in print. The Unrecognized Dimensions! In 1890, Hardy succeeded to find a magazine willing to publish his novel but he had to censor the Essay on The Fathers Beliefs most debatable episodes. Tess of the skim pricing Durbervilles was first published in a censored edition and Essay Fathers, after a few years in its original form. The author also revised later editions of his novel and was somehow forced to modify or even erase some problematic scenes due to contemporary reviews. Modern critics admit that the 1891 edition is the closest to the original version of Hardys novel. Probably the readers are asking themselves why this novel was so important to print for Thomas Hardy and what changes brought this writing in the Victorian age. The Unrecognized Dimensions! After a carefully reading and a harshly analysis the answer can be easily found- Hardy is trying to demonstrate that not all the falling woman are prostitutes or ended up having sex outside of marriage.

His heroine, Tess, is a victim of an archaic society which does not accept the womans mistakes. This society is entirely dominated by men and accepts only the mens actions full on on The Beliefs injustice, immorality and decadence. Thomas Hardy is trying to raise some questions about the which of the of opponents values of the society he lives in. He is a modern writer because has the ability to on The Beliefs, attest the validity of the Victorian age values. Of The Is A Of Opponents! Its a significant discrepancy between the standards applied to men and the rules the on The Founding Fathers women had to respect in order to avoid the which is a of pornography? public humiliation and the lack of respect. Essay Fathers Beliefs! The rape was a sensitive subject in the epoch and always considered as determined by the womans conduct. No presumption of innocence was given to the poor women who were not involved in a sexual relationship with a man, who was not protected by any legal or natural law. Thomas Hardy has structured his book in seven phases (novel division) which present the short and tragic life of his heroine, from her childhood to womanhood. Phase is an interesting demarcation in itself. Unlike the customary book or part or sectioneach a spatial marker, none temporalphase signies a stage of change or development as well as unobtrusively linking Tesss growth to womanhood with the rhythms of the lunar cycle. Seven is, in turn, redolent of skim pricing, universal meanings: it is given as the Age of Reason, the Seven Ages of Essay Founding Fathers, Man (Shakespeare), and development, the Seven Pillars of Wisdom. And, of course, the seventh day is the Christian Sabbaththe sacred day of fulfillment in the Genesis story of Creation; the day of rest from labor and of thanksgiving. The seven phases are also divided cyclically and on The Founding Beliefs, thematically.

The novel begins with The Maiden which presents the young Tess in newborn programs, a difficult situation, he feels very culpable and also responsible for the death of Prince. In The Chase, when she is sexually abused she realizes that she her virginity is on The, lost and she is damned to live a sadly life, with no respect or understanding from the development community she lives in. She knows she is now another girl than the one she had been at Founding Beliefs, home A new stage of skim pricing, Tesss life starts with The Second Phase, Maiden No More. Now she is expectant a baby and decides that she cant stay any more in Trantridge. Tess has tried to help his parents to on The Founding Beliefs, resolve the financial problems they had at Comparing Physician Dentist Essay, home and struggled to make Alec understand that she is not in love with him but she has lost his innocence trying to defend it. The heroine does not want a life full of lies and a marriage without love and he decides to leave Alec and the life he can offer her. Of all things, a lie on this thing would do the most good for me now; but I have honour enough left, little as tis, not to Beliefs, tell that lie. If I did love you I may have the Dimensions of Nora best ocauses for letting you know it. But I dont. Tess does not accept the marriage with Alec because she cannot be with someone she is Fathers Beliefs, not in love with.

She cannot accept this marriage even though it can be the solution for a misery life, it can be the social salvation. Analyzing the decision Tess makes it can be concluded that Hardy wants to sacrifice Tess and to offer to his British readers an example of morality, integrity and Multiprotocol Label Switching, honor. Hardy transforms his heroine into a model of perfection knowing that greatness can be achieved but not perfection. Yet, in breaking the popular stereotype, Hardy was accused by some contemporary critics of misrepresenting womankind. The ideal was preferable to the real if only to Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, set a good example for the young British person, but Hardy refused to employ his art to definition, such an end. Essay Fathers! On the Phase the Multiprotocol Essay Third, The Rally readers can meet a new Tess who is willing to forget his past and to start a new life. In this phase Tess is enthusiastic and even though her past is still alive in her soul and her mind she can start over Essay Fathers Beliefs, full of Label Switching, confidence and hope for Founding Fathers, the future. The heroine is prepared to Multiprotocol Label Switching, embrace the new and unknown and involves in a relationship with Angel Clare.

Is for the first time when Tess feels the true love, loves and is loved. Sometimes she does not know how to react when Angel shows her that he is in love. When Angel tried for the first time to take Tess in his arms to kiss her, the girl is Essay Fathers, very scared and newborn screening programs, does not know how to react. She starts crying. Why do you cry, my darling? he said. OI dont know! she murmured regretfully. Angel misunderstands his reaction and strongly thinks that he determined this powerful emotion being too quick and unreecting . Essay On The Founding Fathers! Instinctively Tess puts a barrier between her and the man she loves still being traumatized after the newborn programs experience she had with Alec. She is not used to be in the arms of a man she has feelings for, the on The Founding Fathers heroine being forced in Comparing as a and a Essay, the past to reject every unwanted embrace offered by her cousin. After a few minutes of distance and defense she realizes that in Angels arms she is safe, she does not have to be afraid anymore because Angel will protect her. Definitely she has to confess Angel the sin that changed her and on The Founding, isolated from the community she lives in but the girl knows that isnt the right moment. Tess does not know how Angel will react, she knows that is a sensitive subject and she can obtain forgiveness only definition, if Angel has true and strong feeling for her. Essay Beliefs! The Consequence is the title for the Phase the Fourth. The Unrecognized Dimensions Of Nora Essay! Tess is living a beautiful love story with Angel but her happiness is alloyed because the girl knows that she will have to tell Angel the ugly truth about her past. She makes several attempts but either she is sidetracked or she sidetracks herselfagain, psychologically plausible self-protective behavior. Essay On The! And when she nally writes him an newborn screening programs, explanatory note, it accidentally slips under the carpet as she pushes it under his door.

The cycle of intention undermined by accident seems unbreakable. Tesss resolve is challenged; she feels quite overwhelmed. The things are easy neither for Angel nor for on The Founding Beliefs, Tess. Angel has to Label Essay, face his parents attitude, disapproval and to convince them that Tess is the best choice for him and Essay Founding, not the young lady who he is which following contention of pornography?, supposed to marry with. Even though Angel does not admit directly that he has his own prejudices in what concern the Tesss situation her soul struggles with his own doubt and his parents opposition. On The Beliefs! Indeed, his idealization of Tess is partly the cause of Dimensions of Nora Essay, her failure to confess. The more he elevates her (she is a goddess, she is a pure daughter of Fathers, Nature), the more she freezes at having to tell him that shes none of as a Family Dentist Essay, these things. On The Founding Fathers Beliefs! On the contrary, she is skim, what his Evangelical family at the parsonage might call a fallen woman (and there are even uglier phrases than that). Phase the fifth, The woman pays presents another chapter in Tesss life, an episode full of sorrow and pain. Tess revealed Angel all the Founding Beliefs truth about her situation, she told the man she loved the truth about the sexual assault, the of organisation development child she gave birth to, his short live, the baptize and the burial. The truth freed her but from Angel she did not receive understanding or unconditional love, only misery and pain. In Angels eyes Tess is another woman, a woman with Tesss body but with a different story, with different values, a human being that he cannot forgive for his past and have a happy marriage with. Essay Founding Beliefs! Phase the sixth, The convert, represents the story of Alec who is now a preacher and of organisation, is religious converted. The meeting between Alec and Tess is unwanted by the girl but is seen by the man as a cure for his soul.

Alec sees Tess, runs after her and tries to persuade her that he is changed, he succeeded to communicate with the on The divinity and is now aware of the pain he caused her. Definition Development! He makes Tess promise that she will never tempt him again. In Phase the seventh, Fulfillment Alec becomes the Fathers man that took Tesss virginity replacing the love for God with a sick love for Tess. The sexually desire is stronger than ever and succeeds to transform the man into a sexual exploiter. Angel can now see the truth about the Tesss personality, he can now distinguish the essences and appearances but is too late. In accordance with the fulfillment of the seventh day of creation, Tess will now rest. Turning her life around for the very last time, she stands to face her prosecutors with that readiness of will and pure, undaunted spirit from which heroes, not victims, are made. Where Christs words were it is done, Tesss words are I am ready. Was Tess the victim of the inevitable fate? Could the newborn programs heroine change her destiny or was she damned to self-destruction by Founding the society in which she lived?

Since the beginning of the novel, Thomas Hardy, the author, describes Tess as a beautiful and innocent girl, cheery, energy with a big smile on her face: She was a fine and handsome girl- not handsomer than some others, possibly- but her mobile peony mouth and large innocent eyes added eloquence to color and Careers Family and a, shape. She wore a red ribbon in her hair, and on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, was the only one of the white company who could boast of such a pronounced adornment. Using the adjectives fine and handsome the author suggests that Tess is following is a, not just a peasant girl who can pass unnoticed, on the contrary, she is a charming girl having all the necessary physique resources for making a man, a rich man maybe, falling in love with her and saving her poor existence. She also seems to be the one because is the only one wearing a red ribbon. Tess is the most beautiful heroine Hardy has created. It is the first novel in which the Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs author describes so deeply the feminine beauty, he is entirely focused on all the femininities the young girl was blessed with and revels all these features step by Switching step. Failures to see Tess rightly are everywhere in the novel, however, for the opportunity to look at her is offered again and again to one pair of eyes after another, as if it were a test, a measure of value. Angels two brothers, for Essay on The Founding Beliefs, example, are both short sighted thought they wear the The Unrecognized of Nora latest fashion in spectacles (XXV, 134). On The Founding! Blindly, they pass right by Tess, on the day she walked fifteen miles to Emminster Vicarage to ask for which of the following contention of opponents of pornography?, help from her father in law. To them, she is invisible. Tess herself is almost less a personality than a beautiful portion of nature violated by human selfishness and over intellectualizing.

She is the least flawed of Hardys protagonists, but also the least human. The mixture between red and on The Fathers, white (Tess is wearing a red ribbon and a white dress) used by Thomas Hardy isnt an accidental choice-it has a deep signification and seems to be the authors way of saying that this girl wont have a common destiny, she will have a different existence, a scintillating life. The contrast between white-purity- and red-sexual experience- shows that Tess is not like the Switching Essay other girls, is the authors warning signal and his modality of saying that his heroine will break down the on The Fathers Beliefs Victorian society rules. At the May Day festivities Tess first meets Angel. He stops to dance with the women in the village garden although his brothers want to keep traveling but he doesnt choose Tess to be his dance partner observing her too late. This initial event isnt just an definition, artifice of writing is also the authors first sign that Tess and Angel arent meant to be together. Angel doesnt observe Tess even though shes the prettiest girl from the green garden because he cant notice the essences, only the appearances. And this is probably the reason for which he cannot forgive Tess after he discovers her big secret and condemn her to self-destruction. Tesss fate is on The Fathers Beliefs, decided by the men in her life.

The first male who has a great word to say about her destiny is Tesss father. Is A Of Opponents! After he discovers that is the descendant of an ancient and noble family he sends his eldest daughter to claim kin. And this is the beginning of a terrible life for Essay on The, Hardys heroine who doesnt manage in meeting Mrs. DUrbervilles but chances to meet her debauched son, Alec. Of The Of Opponents! Hardy keeps the man against nature conflict as central in his novels, yet, he deals with the Victorian theme of social stratification through man against on The Fathers Beliefs man conflict. With the importance attached to Careers as a Family Physician and a, class in the late nineteenth century society, Hardy shows why human altruism cannot be achieved in the Victorian world. In a society in which the concept of class has already been established to form the individual relations of Essay on The Beliefs, conflict and contract, John Durbeyfield is under the illusion that his aristocratic background is significant since this background connects him to the rich dUrbervilles. It is the illusion, the anticipation that causes him to commit the fatal mistake of sending her daughter to the dUrbervilles. About the first meeting between Alec and Tess, Hardy says: She had an attribute which amounted to a disadvantage just now; and definition of organisation, it was this that caused Alec DUrbervilles eyes to rivet themselves upon her. It was a luxuriance of aspect, a fullness of growth, which made her appear more of Fathers, a woman than she really was. She had inherited the skim definition feature from her mother without the quality it denoted.

It had troubled her mind occasionally, till her companions had said that it was a fault which time would cure. Later, when Alec runs into Tess again he observes her beautiful mouth and describes it with lot of passion: Surely there never was such a maddening mouth since Eves! Hardy describes all this physiques details because he wants to demonstrate that Alecs fascination with Tess is only physical. Alec is fascinated by her ravishing beauty and As the text progresses, Tess is once again described more than once, by her looks. This shows that Tess is being objectified by the author who seems very fascinated by her. He talks about her mouth and her lips as though he wants to kiss her. Angel is also fascinated by Tess physical features: How very lovable her face was to him. Yet there was nothing ethereal about it; all was real vitality, real warmth, real incarnation. And it was in her mouth that this culminated. Founding! Eyes almost as deep and Essay, speaking he had seen before, and cheeks perhaps as fair; brows as arched, a chin and Essay Founding Beliefs, throat almost as shapely; her mouth he had seen nothing to Dimensions Essay, equal on the face of the earth. On The Founding Fathers Beliefs! To a young man with the least fire in him that little upward life in the middle of her red top lip was distracting, infatuating, maddening. For Angel Clare Tess is a very beautiful girl, with angelic features, lovable in spite of her beauty and not because of it. The character sees, in general, the metaphysical aspect of the things and of organisation development, values the ideal aspect of every action, event, and person.

His name, Angel Clare is a significant clue of his personality: His last name Clare is the English translation for the French word Clair and defines a person with a real capability of understanding the world, a person who lives in mind and is preoccupied with the mystical face of the humanity. Founding Fathers Beliefs! The adjective clare is opposed to heat and newborn screening, this opposition is shown in narrators confession of Angels love for the heroine: Though not cold-natured, he was rather bright than hot less Byronic than Shelleyan; could love desperately, but his love more especially inclined to Essay on The Founding Fathers, the imaginative and ethereal. Angel loves Tess, whom he idealizes as a fresh and The Unrecognized of Nora Essay, virginal daughter of Nature so deeply that he finally marries Tess without caring about Essay on The Founding, his familys strong opposition. He particularly appreciates her words: I do know that our souls can be made to go outside our bodies when we are alive . When he discusses his marriage with his family, he mentions Tess as a woman who possessed every qualification to be the helpmate of an agriculture , she was a regular church-goer, of definition development, simple faith, honest-hearted, receptive, intelligent, graceful to a degree, chaste as a vestal and in personal appearance exceptionally beautiful . Hardy indicates: It was for her that he loved Tess, her soul, her heart, her substance-not for Founding Fathers, her skill in the dairy, her aptness as his scholar, and certainly not for her simple, formal faith-professions. Although Angel has liberal visions and is more open minded than his father and his brothers, he is categorical and intransigent. When Tess confesses her sin, Angel is inflexible and cant forgive the heroine for her only failing: In the name of our love, forgive me! I have forgiven you for the same! Forgive me as you are forgiven! But Angel answered cruelly: Tess, forgiveness does not apply to the case! You were one person; now you are another. I will obey you, like your wretched slave, even if it is to Careers as a Physician and a Dentist, lie down and Essay Founding Fathers, die. You are very good. But it strikes me that there is a want of harmony between your present mood of self-preservation. At the beginning of the novel Thomas Hardy presents a Tess Durbeyfield who is not aware of her beauty. She is just a country girl, with little education, living in Dimensions of Nora, the domestic sphere with her parents and brothers.

Tess lives happily on her native heath and suffers a real shock when is forced to abandon her house. Essay Fathers Beliefs! When Tess goes to the DUrbervilles mansion she meets with young Alec who is fascinated by her beauty. And this is, probably, the moment which makes Tess aware of Comparing Careers Physician, her charm perceived by the heroine as a curse and not as a gift from God. Men in Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs, Tess life have the wrong impression that they own Tess and can change her entirely. Skim Pricing Definition! Alec reveals his feeling of Essay, superiority since the very beginning when he proclaims: what am I, to be repulsed so by a mere chit like you! Alec is the perfect image of the skim pricing Victorian oppressor dominated by the ordinary custom and the bourgeois view of morals. He is a sexual predator without an inner life, having a superficial existence and any moral values. Essay On The Fathers Beliefs! The character is narcissistic, individualistic and heartless. Because Thomas Hardy doesnt mention anything about his childhood, the reader cannot say that Alecs personality is the result of a sad infancy. The reader is, somehow, forced to internalize the idea that society perverts humankind and human beings pervert any society. Alec, the Careers Dentist archetypal seducer in Victorian melodrama, after his violation of Tesss virginity, does not realize his sin; whats more, he blames Tess for tempting him with her beauty.

He does the wrong and shifts it onto Essay on The Founding Beliefs, the victim. The social consensus does not condemn or punish Alec. Instead it disdains and hunts Tess wherever she goes. The innocent pays for the guilty; the sinned suffers for programs, the sinner. Tesss badluck is Essay Fathers, related to male dominance and which following is a contention of opponents of pornography?, the idea of male supriority. The heroine is just an innocent girl who is traped in a male-centered society. She doesnt now anything about the world she lives in. Essay Beliefs! She has the pure belief that human beings are kind and cant hurt honest people. She knows little about love because she has never been in love. For her love is: patient, love is kind.

It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. Tess has a real respect for her family and respects his fathers will and of the is a of pornography?, not her own senses when leaves to claim kin. She accepts any job Alec offers to her because knows very well that her family needs a new horse to survive. It can be said that the Essay Beliefs heroine is like an angel for her family, a spotless soul which is damned to live among monsters with human faces. Alec is the first master of disguises Tess meets. Since the definition of organisation very beginning Tess dislikes Alec but endures his permanent undesirable attention because the girl has a clear purpose: to earn money. Alec calls Tess coz (cousin), wanting to worm girls confidence but theres nothing real in this appellative because the libertine young man has dark plans for Hardys heroine. Tess is Essay Fathers Beliefs, barely answerable for her actions: even though he does not like Alec and screening, does not want a relation with him the on The Founding Beliefs obsession the newborn man gets for the young girl will destroy her life. Her dumb and vacant fidelity to Angel would rather characterize a poor animal than a thoughtful human being. Tesss sensitivity is obviously the result of emotions and not of judging.

Hardy reveals that the adoration the girl has for Fathers Beliefs, Angel is intense maybe extreme, but the author sees in Dimensions Essay, her feelings something pure, emotions that translate generosity, self-sacrifice, forgiveness. The Hardys protagonist has a great capacity of loving and understanding the human beings. With Alec she discovers that physical beauty can be a weight and not a blessing gave by God. She is a beautiful object that Alec wants to add to his collection. He is Essay Founding Fathers, not in love with the poor girl, he is attracted by her appearance and is the following of opponents object of his powerful sexually desire. The wicked inhabitant of the dUrbervilles hall, the Essay Founding permanently smoking Alec, offers Tess the red roses and the fresh strawberries. He does this, actually, in programs, a very bizarre way; he puts the strawberries directly into the Tesss mouth and Founding, presses the roses onto her breasts.

The reader recognises that Alec is haunting Tess physically as well as mentally, he acts as her persecutor, who is gifted by following is a contention the supreme power of Essay Fathers, reducing her not only into tears, but, more importantly, into the unconscious state. Alec personifies the programs unjust moralities on women and on The Beliefs, is the reflexion of a society which encourages injustice toward marriage and sexuality. Newborn Screening! Tess is a pure woman but becomes fallen because the Victorian age has a certain opinion about chastity and virginity. The girl becomes Alecs obliged mistress and THE murderess who has to die. Even though she was moral oppressed and Essay Fathers, psysical assaulted, the heroine is the definition only culpable and has to pay for on The Fathers Beliefs, her mistakes. She cant live any more in a patriarchal society which only accepts mans mistakes and condamns women to programs, have a pure conduct and a martyr life. Tess is doomed to tragedy. She is trapped in a strange society where social prejudice meets male-dominance. Tesss story, to on The Founding, some extent, reflects the rigidity of following of pornography?, convention, the harshness of social law and the prejudice of morality in Founding Fathers, maledominated patriarchal society. Tess deserves the reputation of the best tragedy the highest tragedy, which is defined by the author. In the worldly view, Tess is a fallen woman; however, she is essentially pure and naturally unstained. Definition Development! Tess is on The Fathers, a pure woman as Hardys subtitle describes. Tess is tragic but pure. You ask why Tess should have gone with Clare and live happily ever after. Do you not see under any circumstance that they were doomed to unhappiness?

A sensitive man like Angel Clare could never have been happy with her. After the first few months he would inevitably have thrown her failings in her face. He did not recoil from Dimensions of Nora her after the murder is true. He was in love with her failings then I suppose; he had not seen her for a long time; with the inconsistency of Essay Fathers Beliefs, human nature he forgave the greater sin when he could not pardon the of Nora Essay lesser. Tess had a tragic fate. All she ever wanted was little happiness, to love and to Founding Fathers, be loved. Thomas Hardy describes her as a romantic character, with no social aspirations but with a great desire of spiritual fulfillment. Contention Of Pornography?! She is to a great extent an Essay Fathers Beliefs, ignorant human being who will learn that life means injustice, sufferance, male dominance centered on which of opponents of pornography? the double moral standard of sexuality applied to man and Essay on The Founding, woman in The Unrecognized, the Victorian age.

The heroines indecisiveness, her frequent failures to mantain her resolve, condemn her to death. For example, when Tess is watching the Essay on The Founding peasants of Tantridge dance, she is offered a walk home from Alec but refuses, a decision she will review later. Because she is raped by Alec, Tess swears she may never marry, confessing the screening dairymaids she wont accept Angels proposal as I should refuse any man , but she marries Angel. When Alec offers to on The Founding Fathers, make her his wife she refuse the proposal, before consenting to become his mistress. Tess final uncertain decision is related to Angel Clare: when he comes to pricing, take her home with him the girl immediately refuse and advice him to keep away because is Too late! Too late! but, in Essay on The, the end, she murders Alec and runs to of the following is a, embrace her husband. Tess cant keep her promises and every time she does not truly mean what she says. Bibliography Chapter Two.

1. Blathway, Taymond, A Chat with the Author of Tess, Black and White, IV. Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., Tess of the DUrbervilles unorthodox beauty, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Danielova, M., The concept of purity in Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 4. Ertu??rul, Ko. Tess of the DUrbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existence, Journals of Arts and Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 5. Freeman, J., Studies in Philology, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 6. Hardy, T., Tess of the DUrbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by on The Founding Beliefs Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 7. Holmberg, Mona, Tess, a victim of her society, in Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles, Lulea University of Technology, Department of newborn, Language and Culture, 2003. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 9. Rogers, Katharine, The Centennial Review, Vol 19, No.

4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 10. Essay On The Founding Fathers Beliefs! Zhen, C., Tess in Thomas Hardys Tess of the of organisation DUrbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society, society RAPE OR SEDUCTION? Was Tess raped or lied and seduced? Is Angel an angel?Hardys odyssey with Tess had involved five different namings: Love, Cis, Sue, Rose-Mary, and Tess. The various overwritings and textual layerings in the manuscript testify to the indecision and Essay on The Fathers, lack of single-minded vision in the author. Equally, the overlaid bowdlerizations testify to media or editorial censorship not only of Tesss sexuality but also of the controversial issues of illegitimacy and private baptism. Tess is a complex character who has an evolutional destiny from her growth to womanhood. She develops over Dimensions of Nora Essay, time and according to chance, events, fate, intelligence, risk taking and Essay Fathers Beliefs, becomes an example of adaptation.

Tess is the of the is a contention object of Alec dUbervilles shameful purposes. Essay Fathers! He uses all the methods to definition of organisation, seduce the on The Beliefs innocent and naive girl: he compliments her excessively, he helps her family in order to win her appreciation, and the man is annoyed when Tess nonetheless continues to reject him. And because Alec knows very well how to manipulate people around him he succeds to make the poor and ignorant Tess feel unsure about whats wrong and whats right. Comparing Dentist! The heroine has deep rooted moral precepts in her poor education. Founding! Even though she has little school instruction, she knows that is very important to remain poor and Comparing as a Family Physician and a Dentist Essay, chaste in order to be accepted in a society ruled by males. And the girl succeeds to Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs, achieve this objective until one fatal night when, through Alecs stratagem, they are lost together in a forest and the man rapes Tess changing her life forever. About this episode of a significant meaning for the entire novel Hardy does not go into detail but rather, he reflects: why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the of organisation coarse appropriates the finer thus, the Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousand years of analytical philosophy have failed to of organisation, explain to our sense of order. Tess becomes pregnant by Alec in that fatal night and her life will be different from now on. Eventually, since Hardy is Essay Founding Beliefs, not one for halfway measures, sorrow turns to violence, and the loss of Multiprotocol Label Switching examples, her virginity leads to Alecs murder and Tesss death on the gallows.

Even without knowledge of the Essay on The Founding Fathers dire consequences Alecs pursuit of Tess had, however, we can judge Alexs character to be frivolous, insensitive, and selfish. The question here, however, is whether he is screening programs, also a rapist. We do not know what exactly happened under the tree. It is very probably that Alec, while Tess slept, took the opportunity to abuse her. And the fragile girl was unable to Fathers Beliefs, defend herself because a girl cant measure her force with a mans force. But is also possible that, given Tess tiredness and disorientation, he could persuade the poor girl to agree to have sex with him. Alec, possibly, used once more his tricky words he had been using for the past months and succeded to Multiprotocol Essay, convince Tess that she loved him and the scene under the Essay on The Fathers Beliefs tree was just the expression of that love. This is skim definition, a question of fact insofar as fictional narratives have factsto which we cannot know the answer. The issue here, however, is whether it makes any difference. [] If physical force or the threat of physical force is used to get a woman to agree to on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, have sex, that is rape. If psychological force is used, can that also be rape?We define verbal sexual coercion as a womans consenting to unwanted sexual activity because of a mans verbal arguments, not including verbal threats of Essay, physical force. Men use many types of verbal coercion to obtain sex: threatening to end the relationship or to find someone else to Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs, satisfy their sexual needs; telling a woman that her refusal to have sex was changing the way they felt about her; asserting that everybody does it or questioning the Switching Essay examples womans sexuality . . . making the woman feel guilty; . . . Fathers Beliefs! calling a woman a name angrily and newborn programs, pushing her away when she would not have sex; and Essay Beliefs, threatening to do bodily self-harm. Although the young Tess is dependent economically on Alec and has another social position- she is a country girl without money and Switching, with little education- she has resisted his flirting. The girl was honest with Alec telling him she disliked his way of watching her, his advances, the gifts offered to on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, her family, the attention she didnt require.

She has real moral values and of the is a contention of opponents of pornography?, cannot be bought with words or with money. She wants to fall in love with a real gentleman who is Beliefs, able to Careers as a and a, be patient, to conquer her, in time, with nice gestures and to appreciate and value her. Essay Fathers! But sometimes she is indecisive in giving an answer to his proposal to treat her as a lover. Screening Programs! She says: I dont know- I wish-how can I say yes or no when- . Is that a flirt, an unconsciously encouraging? It tranlates fear caused by his economic and social power or young Tess has feeling for Alec but she is not aware of them? The writer gives few clues about this situation causing the reader a great confusion. He doesnt know what to believe about the Essay Founding Beliefs poor girl, he cant find her guily for the situation but has doubt about her moral integrity. Is she an angel or a seductive and indecisive woman? Is she in love with the newborn screening bastardly womanizer, the on The Founding Beliefs man with his crude, full lips, his bold eye and his dark moustache?

The weather conditions work against Tess. The fatal night is a foggy one. Alec loses his way in such circumstances and the moonlights appear only screening, when he returns to Essay, Tess who is sleeping, there, in of the following of opponents, the wood. Is Tess less rational because she is sleepy and Essay Beliefs, she cannot defend her physical integrity? The reader knows very well Alecs personality and can drop the sad conclusion that the Comparing Careers as a Family and a Essay man took sexual advantage of her. Hardy takes for granted that Tess becomes the target of the victimization simply because she is still alive and of the female sex. Alec puts himself into the position of the wild hunter, who waits till everybody stops dancing to catch Tess and seize his power over Essay on The Founding Beliefs, her. The following atmosphere resembles the tranquillize state caused by taking some sleeping pills. Alec with Tess on the same horse passes through the Chase. Tess, feeling tired after the days work, quickly disappears in The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora, the state of the unconsciousness in the moment when she falls asleep. Rather than describe the sexual scene, Thomas Hardy talks about its inevitability, brutality and irrationality : Why it was that upon Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, this beautiful feminine tissues, sensitive as gossamer and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the which of the of pornography? coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousands years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to on The Founding Beliefs, our sense of order. The meaning of this paragraph is crystal clear: sometimes people cannot control the fate.

Some people are born to definition, suffer, the universe has strange plans for them. They can fight against the destiny but that is Essay Founding Fathers, a short battle, with no victory. Hardy uses a fatalistic expression to state the way destiny functions: It was to be! but he rejects the idea that children are punished for the mistakes of their ancestors is scorned by average human nature. When Tesss mother presents her daughter the idea about getting Alec to marry her, the heroine is offended: She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to development, adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile, had suddenly despised and disliked him, and had run away. That was all. The Victorian society is cruel with the girl who cant do nothing to change her fate and on The Fathers, has to face the social rejection. She is seen now as an immoral woman, a sinner who must be punished. She seems to be culpable for breaking societys rules and religions conventions. But Hardy doesnt agree and says: It was they that were out of harmony with the actual world, not she. Walking among the screening sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into Essay on The Founding, the haunts of Innocence. But all the while, she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism, she was quite in accord.

She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to pricing definition, the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly. Throughout the entire book Hardy speaks about the two types of law: natural versus social/religious. Natural laws are known as a system of right or justice held to be common to on The Founding Beliefs, all humans and derived from nature rather than from the rules of society, or positive law. Walking among the contention of opponents of pornography? sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on Founding Fathers a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into pricing, the haunts of Innocence. But all the while she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism she was quite in accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to Founding Fathers, the environment in newborn screening, which she fancied herself such an anomaly. According to Essay Founding Fathers, the natural laws, what happened to Tess is natural, in synchronism with the nature and shouldnt be regarded as a mistake which leads to Careers Family and a, the total social rejection. Hardy associates the social law with convention and focuses on the riguros Victorian sexual convention which he describes as unnatural and oppressive.

According to the natural laws, Tess is Essay, a pure woman. Definition! She remain pure because although her body is blotched, her soul continues to be pure. But, is Hardys claim valid? If his argument is on The Founding Fathers, valid then Alec cannot be accused of rape because, according to these natural laws, the man, as an alpha male, made everything possible to preserve his species. In conclusion, Hardys argument cant be valid. Besides the development social rejection, Tess loss of virginity changed her from Essay on The Founding simple girl to complex woman. Symbols of reflectiveness passed into programs, her face and a note of tragedy at Essay on The Founding, times into her voice. Her eyes grew larger and more eloquent. She became what would have been called a fine creature; her aspect was fair and arresting; her souls that of a woman whom the turbulent experiences of the last year or two had quite failed to demoralize.

But for the worlds opinion those experiences would have been simply a liberal education. The inevitable meeting between Tess and Alec is predicted from the earliest chapters of Phase the First. Hardy gives clues about the imminent encounter using symbols and symbolic events: the colors red and white, the virginsdance, Alecs giving Tess strawberries and the death of Prince. This is the authors way of preparing the reader for the terrible event which will change Tess life forver. Hardy describes the moment very carrefully: Tess! said dUrberville. Of Opponents Of Pornography?! There was no answer.

The obscurity was now so great that he could see absolutely nothing but a pale nebulousness at Essay on The Founding Fathers, his feet, which represented the white muslin figure he had left upon the dead leaves. Everything else was blackness alike. DUrberville stooped; and heard a gentle regular breathing. He knelt, and bent lower, till her breath warmed his face, and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers. Comparing Careers As A Physician And A Essay! She was sleeping soundly, and upon her eyelashes there lingered tears. Analysing the description, William A. Davis, Jr. observes that the Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs agression upon Tess begins without any verbal communication between Alec and Tess.

The heroine is which of the following is a of pornography?, asleep and on The, doesnt give an answer to Alecs accost. The silence ruled everywhere around says Hardy. The physical contact is at first kind and caressing her breath warmed his face , and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers and this affirmation is followed with the statement that the heroine was sleeping soundly . Subsequent descriptive details- the narrator mentions Tess absent guardian angel , the coarse pattern about to be traced upon Careers Family Dentist Essay, Tess, the possibility of a retribution lurking in the present catastrophe , and the certainty that Tess mailed ancestors rollicking home from a fray had dealt the same measure even more ruthlessly towards peasant girls of her time all suggest the violent nature of Alec assault. To an Essay on The Founding, alert Victorian reader, however, these details would have confirmed rather than introduced the The Unrecognized idea of rape. The rape of Tess actually begins with the passage that describe Tess sleep and her lack of verbal response- the passage, in short, that establishes her lack of consent to on The Founding Beliefs, Alecs advances. Rape is the offence of having unlawful and carnal knowledge of a woman by force, and against her will. Mews Digest of English Case Law further explains that: to constitute rape, it is not necessary that the connection with the woman should be had against her will; it is sufficient if it is as a Family Dentist, without her consent. And also the law specifies that: If the woman is asleep, when the Essay on The Founding Beliefs connection takes place, she is incapable of consent, and although no violence is used, the newborn programs pisoner may be convicted of rape, if he knew that she was asleep. Because Alec does not receive any answer to his address, the Fathers reader can say that Tess is not a conscious woman in that crucial moment under the tree. Of The Following Is A Contention Of Opponents Of Pornography?! She doesnt communicate with Alec because she is asleep and the reader can assume that Alec knows that the heroine is sleeping because he hears her breathing and receives no answer to his accost. Hardy intentionally introduces that episode full of signification at Founding Fathers Beliefs, the beginning of the woods scene: he tries, in a subtle manner, to inoculate to his readers the idea that Tess is raped and not seduced. The girl isnt awake, her consciousness is completely or partially lost.

This sleep is crucial for the poor girl because does not allow her to return to her former condition and Multiprotocol Label Switching, brings her to a new stage- the girl is Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, obliged to start a new chapter in her poor existence. With the beginning of Phase the Second Hardy gives another signification to the scene under the tree: he seems to Dimensions of Nora, replace the idea of rape with the Essay Founding Fathers idea of seduction: Tess isnt any more a victim of Alecs desire, she is an skim, accomplice in a romantic relationship of on The Founding Beliefs, several months duration. In his personal comments on the novel, Hardy tended to emphasize the seduction rather than the sexual assault that prededes it. Definition Development! For example, in a letter written in 1891 to Essay Founding Beliefs, thank Thomas Macquoid for his praise of the serial Tess, Hardy refers to the seduction (but not the rape) of Tess in the forthcoming volume edition: ?? Clares character [in the serial] suffers owing to a mock mariage having been substituted for the seduction pure #038; simple of the skim definition original MS.- which I did for the sake of the Young Girl. The true reading will be restored in the volumes. Thus, Hardy saw seduction as a major part of the true reading of Tess. Why does Thomas Hardy offer few details about the Fathers scene under the tree? The reader cannot tell for sure the reason why , but he can draw the conclusion that this is an artifice of writing used by the author to maintain his readers curiosity about Tess sexuality and purity. In his readers mind will be a fight between two thoughts: Tess is an innocent young girl raped by a beast; Tess is not a pure girl, she fell in love with Alec, had a sexual relationship with the man and deserves everything that happened to her. As I have suggested, Hardys writing (and rewriting) of the of Nora first of these events- the Essay Beliefs assault upon Tess in Phase the First- grew out of his knowledge of English rape law. The legal premise that a sleeping woman is incapable of of organisation, consenting to sexual intercourse was routinely upheld in Victorian courts. A sleeping womans purity- purity in the sense that she cannot consent to a sexual relationship and Essay on The Fathers, her will cannot be known- is beyond question in the eyes of the law; therefore Hardy turns his attention from rape to seduction and to the more complicated question of definition development, Tess purity as an Founding Fathers, apparently consenting woman. Alec is Multiprotocol Switching Essay, a dishonest character, he knows how to manipulate Tess, to play with her mind. When the girl discover that they are lost in the forest she says: How can you be so treacherous?.just when Ive been putting such trust in you . Before Alec goes to try to Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, find a way of leaving the wood, he makes a sort of couch or nest for her with dead leaves, checking that they are dry.

He also tells the girl that he has bought a new horse for her father and her siblings have now toys to play with. Skim Pricing Definition! Alec covers her tenderly with his coat and goes to on The Fathers Beliefs, find the way. What can the reader notice now is the fact that the skim pricing entire forest is wrapped in fog. The fog has a deep signification in this episode and translate the Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs fact that Tess is absorbed into the natural environment. Fog symbolizes confusion, danger, and the unseen. But here, in the phase two, Maiden no more, the newborn reader can find important clues about the seduction and not the Essay rape of Tess. The heroine admits that her eyes were a little dazed by Alec and development, that the tragic event was a moment of vulnerability. And this is the first sign that Tess agreed to be involved in a sexual relationship. Founding Fathers Beliefs! She accuses Alec for The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora Essay, seducing her and not for an sexual assault. Writing about Tesss drama, Ellen Rooney says that if the reader has no declaration about truth from Tess herself, he cannot precisely say whether or not she is sexual assaulted or seduced. But even though Tess never tells her story entirely, the reader has her thoughts on what she lived with Alec: She had never wholly cared for him, she did not care for on The Fathers Beliefs, him now.

She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by pricing definition his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile: had suddenly despised and disliked him, and had run away. That was all. Hate him she did not quite; but he was dust and ashes to her, and even for her names sake she scarcely wished to marry him. Temporarily blinded by his ardent manners the on The Founding Fathers heroinehad been stirred to confused surrender awhile. From Tess declaration the reader can draw the conclusion that for a little period of time the girl was superficially attracted to Alec and sexually stirred by him. Of Nora! She never wholly loved the man and this is a strong reason to believe that the heroine could not have consented to have sexual relations with him. When leaving Alecs house Tess confesses that she now loathe (s) and hate (s) herself for (her) weakness. But why the girl hates herself and blames her for Essay Beliefs, her weakness if she was raped and not seduced? Why doesnt she hate Alec for his cruelty? When Tess says that she succumbed to screening, adroit advantages Alec took of her helplessness , William Davis argues that she refers to Founding Beliefs, the sexual assault of her while she slept. Because a sleeping woman cannot consent to sexual relation, under the skim Victorian Law this was rape. And surely Thomas Hardy knew about this law and wrote this scene under the influence of such law. To conform Hardys intentions to Victorian law on rape, Davis argues that what the author calls seduction pure #038; simple was rape followed by Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs seduction.

Thomas Hardy does not offer much information about the tragic event from Multiprotocol Label Switching Essay that night but he argues that his heroine was very tired that night: She was inexpressibly weary. She had risen at five oclock every morning of that week, had been on Essay on The Founding Fathers foot the whole of each day, and on definition development this evening had, in addition, walked the three miles to Essay Fathers, Chaseborough, waited three hours for Comparing as a and a Dentist, her neighbours without eating or drinking, her impatience to start them preventing either; she had then walked a mile of the way home, and Fathers, had undergone the excitement of the quarrel, till, with the slow progress of Essay, their steed, it was now nearly one oclock. Only once, however, was she overcome by actual drowsiness. In that moment of oblivion her head sank gently against him. Tess of DUrberville felt offended when Alec tried to take her in his arms. The girl knows that she is not safe, alone, with this man in the woods but she can do nothing to change this situation: DUrberville stopped the horse, withdrew his feet from the stirrups, turned sideways on the saddle, and enclosed her waist with his arm to support her. This immediately put her on the defensive, and with one of those sudden impulses of reprisal to which she was liable she gave him a little push from her. In his ticklish position he nearly lost his balance and only just avoided rolling over into the road, the horse, though a powerful one, being fortunately the quietest he rode. Alec DUrbervilles, the master of tricks, embraces Tess although he knows very well that the girl has no feeling for him.

He isnt dissapointed that Tess doesnt love him because Alec doesnt look for love, he wants to take Tess virginity. He settled the matter by clasping his arm round her as he desired and Tess expressed no further negative. Thus they sidled slowly onward till it struck her they had been advancing for an unconscionable time far longer than was usually occupied by the short journey from Chaseborough, even at this walking pace, and that they were no longer on hard road, but in a mere trackway. After Tesss fall Hardy asks himself: But, might some say, where was Tesss guardian angel? where was the Providence of on The Founding Beliefs, her simple faith? Perhaps, like that other god of whom the ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in a journey, or he was sleeping and not to be awaked. Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to Multiprotocol Switching, receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the Essay on The wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man [] Due to newborn, Tesss first fall, her sexual experience with Alec, the girl is seen as a fallen woman who must be despised and discredited wherever she goes. When she comes back to Marlott she is gossiped and indirect attacked. Essay On The! In the church the people who had turned their heads turned them again as the service proceeded; and at last observing her they whispered to each other. She knows what the people were talking about and feels so hurt that she takes the which of the is a contention of opponents of pornography? decision she wont go to church anymore. Working in Essay on The, her village, on contention of opponents of pornography? a field, to earn her living Tess still cannot escape from the rumor about on The Founding, her sexual relation with Alec and skim, her child is the real proof of that sin.

She is really unhappy in her village and thinks she might be happy in some nook which had no memories. To escape the past and all that appertained thereto was to annihilate it; and to Essay on The, do that she would have to get away. Under the great social pressure Tess is forced to leave her house and to try to start a new life somewhere else. She resembles with the following is a contention of opponents rabbits, hares, rats, mice and snakes retreating inwards as into Fathers Beliefs, a fastness, unaware of the ephemeral nature of their refuge and of the doom that awaited them later. She cannot escape the censure and condemnation, which company her like her own shadow. She is hunted everywhere. Hardys poem, Tesss Lament vividly portrays the dilemma Tess is plunged in. I would that folk forgot me quite, Forgot me quite!

I would that I could shrink from sight, And no more see the sun. Would it were time to say farewell, To claim my nook, to need my knell, Time for them all to newborn programs, stand and tell.

When Tess meets Angel Clare the heroine has a certain sexual experience. The love story lived with Angel, the Essay Founding Fathers love confessions they make to each other, the Comparing as a Family and a certainty in Angels confessions, all these good things in her life determine Tess to accept Angels proposal without a better prudence and understanding of the facts. The heroine proved that she is capable of sustaining herself, she is fearless and self-determined. She can live without being married, she can feed herself just with love and he can live respectiong only the Essay Founding Beliefs natural laws. Culture alone insists on which of the is a of pornography? marriage just as society insists on Essay Fathers Beliefs virginity and the church insists on the subordination of the woman in Careers Family Physician Dentist, matrimony. In the bridal night, when Angel confesses his sins Tess has an innocent belief that she will be forgiven. She also has a dishonorable past but she is on The Fathers, willing to forgive the man she loves and to live free in a happily marriage. Her mother does not agree with her decision of confessing Angel his past because she is a woman with experience and knows that in Dimensions, a society dominated by Essay Founding men, in a patriarchal society she will be found guilty. Is A Of Pornography?! Despite her obsessive fear of Angels learning her history, Tess is unrealistically unable to Fathers, predict his response when he doesimprobably na??ve in her jubilation that her transgression is just the same as his. She will not use sex to win Angel over Careers as a Family Physician and a, during their honeymoon, although the narrator tells us that it might have worked. Garson tries to determine if Tess is characterized by lack of competence or honesty taken to extreme. She decides that Tess could act completely different this action having another end but Hardy does not want a happy end for his heroine, he wants to prove that Tess acts having in mind her own moral values and not the societys. Angel confesses to Tess his sin, his dissipation with a stranger and Fathers, after listening with great attention the girl concludes that her fall is not bigger than Angels mistake and he can obtain forgiveness. Multiprotocol! It can hardly be more serious, dearest, says Angel, condescendingly, smilingly. It cannotO no, it cannot! She jumped up joyfully at Fathers, the hope. Development! No, it cannot be more serious, certainly, she cried. On The Founding Beliefs! I will tell you now. She sat down again.

Their hands were still joined. The ashes under the grate were lit by the re vertically, like a torrid waste. Her imagination beheld a Last Day luridness in this red- coaled glow, which fell on his face and definition of organisation, hand, and on hers, peering into the loose hair about Founding Beliefs, her brow, and ring the delicate skin underneath. According to Rosemarie Morgan (Student Companion to newborn, Thomas Hardy, p.93) in a later version for the 1912 Wessex Edition Hardy writes out on The Beliefs Tesss words. After the statement No, it cannot be more serious, he adds, because tis just the same! Saying these words she tries to Comparing as a and a Dentist, convince herself and on The Beliefs, the man she is in love with that she cannot, cannot, cannot be condemned by him because their situation is just the same. The repetitions prove that Tess is making a considerable effort to convince Angel and to convince herself that her mistake is not bigger than his. Tess belief that Angel will love her and will forgive her sin is expressed in some words of a great innocence: I thought, Angel, that you loved meme, my very self!

If it is I you do love, O how can it be that you look and speak so? It frightens me! Having begun to love you, I love you foreverin all changes, in all disgraces, because you are yourself. Definition Of Organisation! I ask no more. Then how can you, O my own husband, stop loving me? Angel has annihilated the image of woman he was in love with- the woman I have been loving is not you . Tess is scared and terrified; Terror was upon Essay on The, her white face and her full and beautiful mouth that once charmed Angel and reminded him of roses filled with snow is cursed a round little hole Angel, to a far greater extent than Tess, is formed and shaped by his past. She, with her rebounding spirits, vibrant sexuality and self-determination, had created herself anew, had risen above her past where Angel is still victim of his. Significantly, the fallen woman is rendered dumb, mute, and prone, not by the seducer but by the lawful husband. Thomas Hardys heroine is not killed by The Unrecognized Dimensions her past but by the man she is Essay Founding, married to. Even though her sin is Comparing as a and a Dentist Essay, still alive in Essay on The Fathers, her soul, Tess succeeded to forgive herself and to start a new life far away from the definition of organisation man who raped her and away from the family that did not succeed to understand her sorrow and to cure her wounds.

In a mens world, Tess is just a victim who cannot live in a lie and decides to tell all the truth to the man who convinced her to marry him and Essay on The Fathers, who will kill her soul slowly and gently. The heroine is punished because she is a woman in a mens society and is married to a man caught in Victorian conventions. How can she be a real human being if the mens world decides to reduce her to definition, an object?Thus humanity is Founding, male and man defines woman not in herself but as relative to him; she is not regarded as an Comparing Careers as a Family Physician and a Dentist, autonomous being.she is simply what man decrees.she is defined and differentiated with reference to man and not he with reference to her. She is the incidental, the Essay Founding Fathers Beliefs unessential as opposed to the essential. He is the Subject, he is the Absolute- she is the Other. Bibliography Chapter Three.

1. Conly, Sarah, Seduction, rape and coercition, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press. 2. Danielova, M., The concept of purity in Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 3. Davis, W., Thomas Hardy and the law, Legal Presences in Hardys Life and Multiprotocol Label examples, Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 4. Garson, M., Hardys Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text, Oxford University Press, 1991. 5. Hardy, T., Tess of the DUrbervilles, edited by Essay Fathers Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 6. Hardy, T., Letter to of the following is a of opponents, Thomas Macquoid , 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed.

Richard Little Purdy and Founding Beliefs, Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 7. Morgan, R., Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy, Routledge London and New York, 2006. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to skim pricing definition, Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2007. 9. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., Nonviolent sexual coercition, in Acquaintance rape, the on The Fathers hidden crime, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 10. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans.

H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953, p. xiv. 11. Zhen, C., Tess in Dimensions, Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society. Anna Karenina and Tess of DUrberville- a tragic destiny. Anna Karenina is a novel wrote by the russian writer Lev Tolstoy, published in Founding, serial installments from 1873 to 1877. As A Physician And A Dentist Essay! Since the on The Fathers novels publication, Anna Karenina has been seen as every mans tragedy or considered as a Bovarian banality by any masculinist critical view. Iuri Lotman, said: The plot of Anna Karenina reflects, on the one hand a certain narrow object- the life of the heroine..We can regard the life of the heroine as a reflection of the life of any woman belonging to a certain epoch and a certain social milieu, any woman, any person. Otherwise, the tragic vicissitudes of her life would only be of Dimensions of Nora Essay, local interest. Lotmans affirmation translates once again the idea that mens problems are more important than the womens problems. Its not quite important that a woman is not happy in her marriage, that she does not feel love and affection for the men she lives with, because the most important problems in any society are mens problems: war, government, etc Once again, also in Essay on The Founding, Anna Karenina as in Tess of DUrbervilles it can be seen the preoccupation for a society which is Comparing as a Family Physician and a Dentist, dominated by men, is a patriarchal epoch concerned exclusively with mens situations.

The question regarding the womens position in society was initially formulated in the Victorian England and later this preoccupation could be also found among the Russian elite after the translation of Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, Mills oeuvre, The subjection of women in 1869. The beginning of the nineteenth century did not come with major ideas about Label Switching Essay, womens condition and life, but it can be seen as a start of reconsidering the role of women in a society governed by Essay on The Founding Fathers men and which needs a change. Russian womans emancipation had been initially treated in literature- the novels of Ivan Turgenev, the oeuvres of Alexander Druzhinins Polinka Saks (1847), or the Nikolai Nekrasovs play, Sasha. Early Russian writings concerning the idea of oppressed women were influenced by the novels of George Sand, whose feminine characters suffer because cannot be free in Careers Family and a Dentist Essay, choosing the man they want to love and to be happy with. Anna Karenina is a very beautiful, noble, married woman from Essay Founding Beliefs St. Of Organisation! Petersburg who lives a life full of bitterness because she is married with a man she does not love and she is in love with a young officer. This passion, these strong feelings will be the Essay on The Fathers reason for his exile from the society she belongs to and will bring her death.

Even though Tess of DUrbervilles is not a rich woman, on Comparing Careers Physician Essay the contrary, is a very poor girl with a family that will sign her death conviction- she is Essay on The Founding Beliefs, sent to claim kin and she is pricing, not advised that out there is a big world and she has to be very careful because men might want to harm her and to take advantages of her- the Essay Fathers Beliefs both heroines are guided by the same noble feeling and definition, have the Fathers Beliefs genuine belief that a woman can be happy only through love, loving and be loved. The both characters are very beautiful women- Tess is newborn programs, poor but beautiful, she does not have an elitist education but she cannot be seen as a simple peasant girl; Anna Arkadyevna Karenina is a model of beauty and perfection. Founding Beliefs! He has a selective education, she is very intelligent, a big reader of English novels and she also writes books for children. Anna is very elegant and is considered a perfect woman who can make any man fall in Comparing as a Family and a Dentist Essay, love with her. Her life with a cold and passionless government official taught her to Essay Founding Fathers, play the role of cultivated, noble, perfect wife. She is also a good hostess and plays all these roles with style and refinement. The tragedy of beautiful women comes from the fact that they are considered as a trophy every respectable man must obtain.

And if the woman is married then the battle will be more powerful: the competitor will try to conquer someones good in order to prove to himself that he has the real qualities to win, he is better than the husband and he can really understand the which of the is a of pornography? heroines needs for Essay Beliefs, love and support. As A Dentist Essay! Anna is Essay Founding Beliefs, not a simple aristocratic woman who plays the role of the perfect and happy wife who is still in love with her husband, is only preoccupied with the raise of her children and obeys entirely her husband because he is skim pricing definition, always right. Essay On The Founding Fathers! Anna has an ardent spirit and is determinate to definition, live her life on her own terms. All the girls in the world were divided into Fathers, two classes: one class included all the girls in the world except her, and they had all the usual human feelings and were very ordinary girls; while the other class herself alone- had no weaknesses and was superior to which following contention of opponents of pornography?, all humanity. Tolstoy writes Anna Karenina in Essay on The Beliefs, order to explain the great changes occurring in the Russian society during the definition of organisation late nineteenth century. The novel presents a battle between the old patriarchal values which characterize the old society, the aristocracy and the new, modern values, the West values. The landowning aristocracy believe in traditions like servitude, and Essay on The Founding, autocratic government, while the The Unrecognized Dimensions of Nora Essay West brings values like technology, democracy, rationalism. This major theme can be seen in the difficulty Levin has with his workers when he tries to introduce a new way of farming. Essay On The Fathers! His peasants refuse to implement the new technology having the strong belief that the traditional Russian way of farming should not be changed. Tess of DUrbervilles presents the changes brought in the nineteenth century in the Victorian Age, also the importance of social class in England and in the same time the complication of of the is a, defining class in Founding Beliefs, the Victorian England.

A proof for this affirmation is offered by the fact that Durbeyfields are no longer considered in the Victorian Age as a dominant symbol as it would have been in the Middle Ages. Alecs father, Simon Stokes was able to use his money and to buy a very important, aristocratic name, being another proof that in the Victorian period money are more important than the origin and family history. In the The Unrecognized both novels, Anna Karenina and Tess of on The Founding, DUrbervilles the changes brought in the society are presented by which of the following is a contention of pornography? the main heroines. Alexei Karenin, the government official with a weak personality is playing the role of an educated and sophisticated man who is Essay Founding, capable to forgive his wife for her infidelity and to offer her the chance at a respectful life despite her adventure with the Careers Physician Dentist Essay young officer. What Karenin does not understand is the power of love that can make people to choose the Essay on The Founding complicated way and not the simple and known path. Anna Karenina, like Tess, is not just a simple woman, who can leave in Multiprotocol Switching Essay examples, conventionalism, she has another perception of live and she wants to love, to on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, be appreciated as a special woman and not just as wife and mother.

She craves for a life of ardent emotion and newborn screening programs, noble passions. Karenins entire life is characterized by Essay Founding Fathers formalism, he knows which his duties are and of organisation, he respects the professional obligations of his function. Alexei is a very good government official because this role defines him and in fact is the ratio of his life- a life without grand passion and excitement. Anna and Karenin have a marriage of convenience. Theres a big age gap between the two characters and also different ways of living and seeing the life and lifes values. Anna craves for on The Founding Beliefs, sentimental devotion and sincerity while Alexei is of pornography?, happy with the monotonous work and family life. On The Founding Fathers Beliefs! All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in is a contention, its own way is the first line of the Tolstoys novel and reveals the fact that the Essay on The Fathers novel is concerned with the happiness, is a declaration for the need of happiness. Is it Anna Karenina happy? Why did the heroine immediately fall in love with Vronsky and renounced to her comfortable and respectful life? Why is which following is a, a mother ready to sacrifice her child for Essay on The Beliefs, a man? These are the questions Tolstoy tries to answer and his explanation is that women are capable of great and powerful feelings. Careers Family! They can live in Essay on The Founding Beliefs, misery but a domestic one, not a sentimental failure; they can have a conventional marriage but will always crave for The Unrecognized Essay, the real love and for fervent feelings and when they will meet the love they will be capable of leaving everything for that noble feeling.

Anna Karenina has an unhappy marriage, her husband does not appreciate her as a woman, he can only see the mother Anna and the wife Anna but not the woman Anna who needs love, appreciation, adventure and emotion. Anna is ready to defend her love for Vronsky, she can accept the social rejection, the fact that she will never be respected and she will be seen as a sinful women. But thats the Essay Beliefs essence: a woman, who has the courage to love and to openly live with a man that is not her husband, is not captive in a formal arrangement that could have offered her protection and could have been the institutionalization of a lie is what defines a heroine. Newborn Screening! Tess of DUrberville is not an Essay on The Founding, unfaithful married woman, she is just an innocent peasant girl who is convinced that two people that are meant to be together will meet and will live a beautiful love story like in screening, the novels she used to read. She is not a sinful woman because is not her choice to be raped but is considered by Essay Fathers Beliefs the Victorian society as a decadent human being and convicted to the social rejection. Anna, Eustacia, [Vye], Tess [Durbeyfield] or Sue [Bridehead] what was there in their position that was necessarily tragic? Necessarily painful it was, but they were not at war with God, only with Society. Of Organisation! Yet they were all cowed by the mere judgement of man upon them and all the while by their own souls they were right. And the judgement of men killed them, not the judgement of their own souls or the judgement of Essay Founding Beliefs, Ethernal God. Lev Tolstoy chose to analyze the woman question enclosed in a comparison: He puts in opposition Annas search for sense in life with that of Levin, the Tolstoys other main character. And Tolstoy chose to do something scandalous for his epoch: He converted Anna in an unfaithful woman- a sensitive character. Anna wasnt miserable because she disobeyed her unbearable, suffocating husband and had to be punished; she was unhappy because she didnt find, in Tolstoys opinion, meaningful love and the lifes signification.

Tolstoys belief that true love and happiness could be accomplished only definition, through a love marriage means represents the heroines drama. Anna finds for a short period of time happiness outside marriage, in Vronskys arms but her lack of autonomy and social rejection brought by a forbidden relationship causes her sorrow. Tolstoy puts in opposition Annas story with the story of Levin, an open-minded man who succeeded in Fathers Beliefs, his search for meaning in life by choosing a marriage partner he considered his equal rather than his inferior. Tolstoy also presents the Dimensions Essay hypocrisy that characterizes the nineteenth society, the fact that men could cheat his partners without punishment whereas women could not. Founding Beliefs! He also highlights the idea that lots of woman had relationships outside the marriage including discreet women who blames Anna for her actions similar to their own.

The Victorian controversy of grand importance in Tess of as a Family Physician, DUrberville is also the Woman question or how woman should be seen and what roles they should play in society. Many writers thought that woman should stay at home and work in on The Founding, the house, being unable to learn and to work for the society. The Victorian women were meant to be an angel in the house and also for their husbands and nothing more. If the woman lost her virginity and honour, before marriage, she was convicted to live a life full of shame and which following is a of opponents of pornography?, sorrow. If the Fathers Beliefs husband was unfaithful, the society wont blame him for the sexual behaviour. R.G. Newborn! Christian says: It was people not God who threw Anna under the Beliefs train highlighting the power of the society which can determine the destiny of a human being. Vladimir Nabokov, in his work on Russian literature, characterized Anna as a young, handsome, and fundamentally good woman, and a fundamentally doomed woman. Nabokov also protects her role as a foreigner of the society she lives in: [Anna] is skim pricing, a woman with a full, compact, important moral nature: everything about Essay on The, her character is Dimensions of Nora Essay, significant and Essay on The Founding Fathers, striking, and this applied as well to her love.

She cannot limit herself as another character in the book, Princess Betsy, does, to Multiprotocol Switching Essay, an undercover affair. Her truthful and passionate nature makes disguise and secrecy impossible. Tolstoy makes Anna almost completely a human being of Fathers Beliefs, passion and then allows that passion to kill her. After the heroine meets Vronsky, all of her actions are concerned with keeping a loving relationship with him. Anna is also ready to renounce to her existence in order to feel and to enjoy the full love. Her passion for Vronsky causes a separation between herself and definition, Kitty and also between herself and the domestic sphere.

After the social rejection also the position of mother is soon denied her, and later she is not enough concerned in Essay on The Founding, developing a relationship with her daughter and make this relationship essential part of her life. Even her outfits limit the character. She wears only black clothing expressing the fact that she is in a profound grief and is a, she seems convicted to die for Essay on The Founding Fathers, the fact that she was capable to renounce to skim pricing definition, her family for Founding, living the love story of her life. Tess of DUrberville is not a rich, aristocratic girl, on the contrary, she is put under immense pressure by her family to improve their economic position and Dimensions Essay, reputation. Essay On The! She grows in a small village being protected from the influence of an aristocratic society with decadent values. She is a genuine young girl who wants to have a happy marriage, to love and to newborn, be loved. She is not interested in having a certain social position because she believes in love as a way of being happy. But the society is cruel with the Essay on The Founding Thomas Hardys heroine and signs her conviction to dead. Even though she cannot be found guilty because she did not consciously commit a mistake she is blamed by a superficial society which cannot see under the appearances. Anna Karenina is Careers Family Dentist Essay, found guilty because she had the courage to admit that her marriage is a formal one and Founding, she is not happy.

She discovers another Anna when she is with Vronsky and she is very happy. Her guilty is The Unrecognized of Nora, that she refuses to live a love story outside her marriage in a society in which the relationships outside a marriage are accepted and formal alliances are protected. Tess of DUrberville was found guilty because her family couldnt protect and defend herself against a world dominated by men and she had the Founding Beliefs courage to tell Angel that she was raped and he had a little baby. She did not want to marry with Alec, to of Nora Essay, have a formal marriage because the hypocrisy dominated in the Victorian society did not affect her perception about does a marriage mean. Vronsky is a good looking character, rich, and also a charming man who is as willing as Anna is to Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, renounce to his social status and professional position for finding the real love.

His involvement in his hospital-building project shows a carrying person who wants to Multiprotocol Label, protect the on The weak people. But the Tolstoys work also shows a Vronsky with defects and blames. His strange hair, his mistake in calculating the definition horse race, his ambitions of military fame these entire characteristics make a Vronsky human and not a romantic character. Anna finds Alexei an Essay on The Founding, exceptional man who could make her very happy and of the following is a of opponents of pornography?, could offer her a completely rescue and a burial into a seductive passion. The heroine is on The Fathers, very disappointed when she discovers that Vronskys passion is limited and he is skim, just another man and not THE man. The Tolstoys choice to give Vronsky the same name as his husbands suggests that Anna is doomed to repeat the failure of Fathers Beliefs, her first relationship. Anna had been preparing herself for this meeting, had thought what she would say to him, but she did not succeed in saying anything of it; his passion mastered her. She tried to calm him, to calm herself, but it was too late. His feeling infected her. Newborn Screening! Her lips trembled so that for a long while she could say nothing. Vronskys commitment to Anna seems to decrease in later chapters of Tolstoys novel but the reader cannot be convinced that this is the true situation because he finds out about this wane of Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, devotion from The Unrecognized Essay Annas confessions which betrays the fear that the man she loves and for whom she has sacrificed her marriage and her social position, becoming a mistress, is not any more in love with the heroine. The events related to this episode seem to Beliefs, indicate that Vronskys love hasnt faded: he takes Anna to his country home which is newborn programs, luxurious, elegant, he stays with the Essay Founding Fathers heroine and refuses to visit his old friends and even mother, he is still fascinated by her beauty and personality. He occasionally misses the old fame and military glory especially when he meets his old comrades but he does not blame Anna for this situation.

Vronsky accepts Annas paranoia and which of the following is a, her whims but for Tolstoys main character these proves are not enough, are just signs of duty and not actions indicating true love. The reader cannot decide is right in this situation because Vronskys thoughts are not exposed. Angel Clare is Tess Vronsky, the man full of Essay Fathers, passion who can kidnap the newborn screening programs heroines present and can project a whole new world outside the mediocrity of an irrational and hypocritical society. When Tess first meets Angel she realizes that she definitely has seen him before, at Essay on The Fathers, the May-dance and he did not choose Tess to be his dance partner. But because the destiny wants to bring together Tess and Angel and also to determine, Tess dead conviction, they meet again at the dairy.

The love the both characters feel for each other is genuine, pure, without being jealous or proud. It was then, as has been said, that she impressed him most deeply. She was no longer the milkmaid, but a visionary essence of woman- a whole sex condensed into one physical form. He called her Artemis, Demeter, and other fanciful names half teasingly, which she did not like because she did not understand them. Call me Tess, she would say askance; and he did. In this quote from the novel the reader can clearly see that Angel is in love with the image of a perfect woman and screening programs, not exclusively with Tess herself. She is compared with the Greek goddesses and Fathers, that means that she has to be the skim pricing definition ideal of feminine beauty and perfection in order to be loved by Angel. And Tess is not a goddess, shes a simply peasant young girl who just wants to love and to be loved. Fathers! In the critical essay Why women are oppressed Anna Jonasdottir says: Man is willing to accept woman as an Multiprotocol Essay, equal, as a man in skirt, as an angel, a devil, a baby-face, a machine, an Essay on The Founding, instrument, a bosom, a womb, a pair of legs, a servant, an encyclopaedia, an Multiprotocol Label, ideal or an obscenity; the only thing he wont accept her as is a human being, a real human being of the real sex. Angel seems to be a character that wants to be surrounded by Essay Beliefs angels and cant accept that human beings have a past, made mistakes, he cannot forgive and forget even though he asks for forgiveness. He is an example of a fallen angel who couldnt remain pure and also failed in being a good Christian by confessing Tess his sin.

His mistake is also Tesss mistake but the influence of the Victorian society does not allow him to see clearly and to only after the longue journey he realizes that the beauty or ugliness of a character lay not only in its achievements, but in its aims and impulses; its true story lay, not among things done, but among thinks willed. Tess of DUrbervilles and skim pricing, Anna share also another pattern-fog, haziness, mystery. When Tess of DUrbervilles is Essay on The Founding Fathers, raped, the scene is surrounded by skim mist and the reader does not exactly knows what to think about this situation: She was silent, and the horse ambled along for a consider- able distance, till a faint luminous fog, which had hung in the hollows all the evening, became general and enveloped them. On The Beliefs! It seemed to hold the moonlight in which following contention, suspension, rendering it more pervasive than in clear air. Whether on this account, or from absent-mindedness, or from sleepiness, she did not perceive that they had long ago passed the point at which the lane to Trantridge branched from the highway, and that her conductor had not taken the Trantridge track. Anna herself speaks of Essay Fathers Beliefs, a certain haze which in associating it with the newborn screening programs purity of Essay on The Fathers, first love: I remember that blue haze, like the haze on the mountains in Switzerland. That haze which envelops everything at that blissful time when childhood is pricing definition, just coming to an end and its huge merry circle narrows to a path which one treads gaily yet with dread into lifes corridor . . . Kitty smiled How did she go through it? How I should like to know the whole romance of her life! she thought, recalling the unromantic exterior of Annas husband. The patter appears again when Kitty realizes the Essay on The Founding visible sympathy between Anna and Vronsky at the ball and a mist spread(s) over her soul Anna and Tess are two heroines who have lots o resemblances but also dissimilarities.

Tess of DUrbervilles is an innocent peasant girl who takes care of screening, her family being fascinated with the novels she reads. On The Fathers Beliefs! She is not selfish, she does not to marry with an aristocratic men and to be part of the aristocratic society. Of Organisation! Anna is also intelligent, cultivated, simple, honest, and a devoted mother. Essay On The Beliefs! But the relationship with Vronsky changes her completely. Tesss downfall is caused by her lack of Comparing Family Essay, education in what concern such a complicated subject for the society she lives in- sexual relationships and it can be said that her trust in men is determined by Founding Fathers Beliefs reading romantic novels and identifying with their heroines in a specifically sensual and innocent way. Of Organisation! Anna, on on The Fathers Beliefs contrary, is of organisation development, unable to read her novel on her train ride home after flirting with Vronsky. She was too eager to live herself.

If she read how the heroine of the novel nursed a sick man, she wanted to be moving about a sickroom with noiseless tread herself. On The Beliefs! When she discovers, it is to make an instinctual moral perception: The hero of the novel had nearly attained his Englishmans idea of happiness and Anna was wishing she could go to the estate with him, when she suddenly felt that he must be feeling ashamed and that she was ashamed for the same reason. Anna Karenina and Tess DUrbervilles are honorable women. Even though Anna has a sexual relationship outside her marriage she does not accept Karenins proposal when he decides that they can stay into a formal marriage and forget Annas infidelity. The heroine is not ashamed that she has a relationship with Vronsky because this relationship represents her entire life-love, fantasy, eternity, nobles. Alexey Alexandrovitch! What is it you want of me?I want you not to meet that man here, and to conduct yourself so that neither the world nor the servants can reproach younot to see him. Thats not much, I think. And in return you will enjoy all the privileges of a faithful wife without fulfilling her duties. Thats all I have to say to you. Now its time for me to go. Im not dining at home. He got up and moved towards the which of the is a door. Anna got up too.

Bowing in silence, he let her pass before him. Tess of DUrbervilles also refuses Alecs proposal to be his mistress because she cannot have a relationship with a man she is not in love with, a man who harmed her. On The Fathers! Very well, he said, laughing; I am sorry to wound you. I did wrongI admit it. He dropped into some little bitterness as he continued: Only you neednt be so everlastingly flinging it in Careers as a and a, my face. I am ready to pay to the uttermost farthing. You know you need not work in the fields or the dairies again. You know you may clothe yourself with the best, instead of in on The, the bald plain way you have lately affected, as if you couldnt get a ribbon more than you earn. I have said I will not take anything more from you, and I will notI cannot! I SHOULD be your creature to go on Label Switching Essay doing that, and on The Founding Fathers, I wont.

Bibliography Chapter four. 1. Hardy, T., Tess of the DUrbervilles, edited by Comparing Family Physician Essay Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 2. Jonasdotti, A., Why women are oppressed, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 3. Lotman, Iuri, The structure of the artistic text, translation by Essay Founding Fathers Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 4. Mandelker, A., Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question, and the Victorian novel, The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio State University Press, 1993. 5. Skim Pricing Definition! Nabocov, V. Lectures on Essay on The Founding Beliefs Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981.

6. R.G. Of Organisation! Christian, Tolstoy: An Introduction, Cambridge 1969. 7. Tolstoy, L. Anna Karenina, translated by Louise Shanks #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. In the Victorian age, women were seen through mens eyes. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from Beliefs their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. They were angels in the house, wives and mothers dedicated to skim, their families and children. They had to on The Fathers Beliefs, obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. 1. Blathway, Taymond, A Chat with the Author of Tess, Black and White, IV.

Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., Tess of the DUrbervilles unorthodox beauty, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Conly, Sarah, Seduction, rape and coercition, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of programs, Chicago Press. 4. Danielova, M., The concept of purity in Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 5. Davis, W., Thomas Hardy and the law, Legal Presences in on The, Hardys Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 6. Ertu??rul, Ko. Tess of the DUrbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existence, Journals of Arts and Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya.

7. Pricing! Freeman, J., Studies in Philology, 1982 University of Essay on The Founding Fathers Beliefs, North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 8. Definition Of Organisation Development! Garson, M., Hardys Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text, Oxford University Press, 1991. 9. Hardy, T., Tess of the Essay Fathers Beliefs DUrbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 10. Hardy, T., Letter to Thomas Macquoid , 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed. Of The Following Is A Contention! Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 11. Harvey, G., The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 12. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and on The Beliefs, sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997.

13. Holmberg, Mona, Tess, a victim of her society, in Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 14. Jennings, A., Stranger than Fiction. Life and following of opponents of pornography?, Literature in the Late Victorian Age, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 15. Jonasdotti, A., Why women are oppressed, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994.

16. Kent, Susan.Sex and Essay on The Fathers Beliefs, Suffrage in definition, Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 17. Lotman, I. The structure of the artistic text, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 18.

Mandelker, A., Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question and the Victorian novelThe theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio, State University Press, 1993. 19. Matthew, A., The Forsaken Merman in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 20. Essay Founding Beliefs! Millgate, M., Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist, London: Macmillan, 1994.

21. Mitchell, S.,Daily Life in Victorian England, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 22. Morgan, R., Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy, Routledge London and New York, 2006. 23. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 24. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., Nonviolent sexual coercition, in Acquaintance rape, the hidden crime, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 25. Nabokov, V. Physician Essay! Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 26.

R. G. Christian, Tolstoy: An Introduction, Cambridge, 1969. 27. Rogers, Katharine, The Centennial Review, Vol 19, No. 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 28. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans.

H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953. 29. Tolstoy, L. Anna Karenina, translation by Louise Shanks Maude #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. 30. Essay On The! Zhen, C., Tess in Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society, society 31. Wojtczak, H., Women of following contention of opponents of pornography?, Victorian Sussex, Hastings Press, 2003. Search our thousands of essays:

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